BioScientific Review https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/BSR <p style="text-align: justify;">BioScientific Review (BSR) is an open access peer-reviewed journal published on a quarterly basis. It provides a modern and multidisciplinary platform for free and fast publications broadly covering all aspects of life sciences. Research in the field of life sciences has grown at a bewildering pace during the last decade and BioScientific Review intends to publish momentous advances in all specialized areas of life sciences and bring them to light.</p> School of Science, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan en-US BioScientific Review 2663-4198 The Effect of Rebound Therapy on Gross Motor Functions in a Child with Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Case Study https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/BSR/article/view/734 <p>Delayed development of the gross motor function abilities is the main manifestation of cerebral palsy (CP) in all children affected by it. Rebound therapy was introduced to help children with different disabilities such as CP. The aim of this case study was to assess the effect of the rebound therapy on the gross motor function abilities in a child with spastic CP. An eight year old girl with spastic CP of Level I on the gross motor function classification system (GMFSC) and graded 1 on the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) was selected to undergo the rebound therapy program using mini trampoline. Gross motor abilities were assessed pre- and post- rebound therapy program. The program was conducted for three successive months - three times / week for half an hour / session. The comparison of pre- and post- treatment results showed that rebound therapy improved the total gross motor function abilities by 3.8%, the sitting function by 5%, the kneeling and crawling functions by 3%, the standing function by 2.7% and the walking, running and jumping functions by 8% in a child with spastic CP. Rebound therapy was effective in improving gross motor function abilities in a child with spastic CP. However, further randomized control trials are recommended.</p> Alaa Noureldeen Kora Faten Hassan Abdelaziem Copyright (c) 2020 BioScientific Review 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 2 3 1 7 10.32350/bsr/2020/23/734 Schistosoma haematobium Infection among the Students of Government Day Junior Secondary School Garki, Jigawa-Nigeria https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/BSR/article/view/486 <p style="text-align: justify;">Schistosomiasis is among the most prevalent but neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). It is a human disease caused by the parasitic infection of the blood trematode worm belonging to the family Schistosomatidae A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection among the students of the Government Day Junior Secondary School (GDJSS) Garki in Jigawa State for a period of 17 days. A total of 120 students from class 1-3, who randomly participated in the study, were diagnosed for the S. haematobium infection. The intensity of the infection was assessed by counting and recording the number of eggs present in the 10ml urine samples of the positive individuals. The results obtained showed a 25% prevalence of the S. haematobium infection among the students. The students in contact with the water bodies in the community were infected more as compared to the students who did not have any contact with the water bodies (odd ratio = 0.002). The positive predictive value recorded at 93.3% quantified the diagnostic test employed (syringe filtration method) and the negative predictive value of 97.8% showed that the prevalence of S. haematobium infection was marginal among the student population. The gender of the students did not relate significantly (p &lt; 0.05) with the results of the diagnosis, as more male students were infected than female students (odd ratio = 1.455). The students’ age group related significantly (p &lt; 0.05) with the results and the students of the age group 14-15 years were more infected than those of the age group 12-13 years (odd ratio = 0.337). There were many more eggs in the urine samples of the positive students than the Poisson distribution would predict. Therefore, the model assumes that the intensity of S. haematobium infection is very high and thus the students should be treated and prevented from further exposure.</p> Jibril Abdullahi Shehu Zahraddeen Copyright (c) 2021 BioScientific Review 2020-06-16 2020-06-16 2 3 08 16 10.32350/bsr/2020/23/486