Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment <p style="text-align: justify;">The Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment (JAABE) is a double-blind, peer reviewed, bi-annual journal published by the School of Architecture and Planning, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan.</p> School of Architecture and Planning (SAP), University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan. en-US Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment 2617-2690 <p><em>JAABE </em>follows an open-access publishing policy and full text of all published articles is available free, immediately upon publication of an issue. The journal’s contents are published and distributed under the terms of the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</a>&nbsp;(<a href="">CC-BY 4.0</a>) license. Thus, the work submitted to the journal implies that it is original, unpublished work of the authors (neither published previously nor accepted/under consideration for publication elsewhere). On acceptance of a manuscript for publication, a corresponding author on the behalf of all co-authors of the manuscript will sign and submit a completed Copyright and Author Consent Form.</p> <p>Copyright (c) The Authors</p> Analysis of Healing Environment in Post-Operative Units Focused On Cases from KP, Pakistan <p class="Abstract" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-weight: normal;">Healing environment mainly comprises of access to nature, choices and control, positive distractions, absence of environmental stressors, and social support. This Research explored the healing environment in post-operative units in five tertiary level hospitals of KP province, Pakistan. Since Pakistan is a developing country, the healing environment-based study has not been explored in the context of KP. The research was done through sample collection from patients using questionnaire and self-observation of the researcher using a checklist to observe the five basic components of healing environment. It was found that on average only 17% of patients in post-operative units have access to nature, 21 % have choices and control, 20% observed positive distractions, 72% observed presence of environmental stressors which hindered their healing, while 67% agreed that social support was present. </span><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-weight: normal;">Hence, it is evident that healing environment has not been a major criterion in design of these facilities. The respondents did opt for presence of these elements to help the healing process. It was concluded that through increasing the healing environment-based components in the post-operative units, better outcomes in terms of healing process may be produced. </span></p> <p class="Abstract" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-weight: normal;"><em><strong>Keywords</strong></em>: <span class="tagit-label">Healing Environment, Post-Operative Unit Design, Evidence Based Design, Five components of healing environment, Healing Environment in Pakistan</span></span></p> Ubaid Ullah Waqar Khattak Syed Mazhar Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Ubaid Ullah, Waqar Khattak, Syed Mazhar Ali Shah 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 The Role of Architecture in Tourism for Economic Development in Nigeria <p style="text-align: justify;">Tourism involves visits to destinations for the purpose of recreation, medical or business. This industry, which is considered as one with a fast growth rate, if properly planned and managed, could generate huge revenue, and employment. The further development of tourism can be achieved with architecture which would be advantageous to the present generation, and also be of value to future generations. Nigeria is blessed with abundant knowledge, innovation and site attractions that inspire people to travel to cities for tourism and as such, the need thus arises for architecture to step in and respond to the diverse needs of tourists; be it cultural, medial or landscape. Furthermore, this research is explores the role of architecture in tourism towards the economic development of the built environment in Nigeria. The study adopts a qualitative research method, where data was primarily obtained through questionnaires and semi-structured interviews in which content analysis was used. Relevant literature was also studied in a bid to elucidate information on the subject matter. Findings from this study show the indelible mark of architecture on tourism growth and development, where, the availability of tourism infrastructure and the attractiveness of these attractions are inadequate and below average. The research therefore concludes that modern tourism is closely linked to architectural development and this would turn tourism in Nigeria into a key driver for socio-economic development if considered.</p> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong></em>: A<span class="tagit-label">rchitecture, built environment, development, tourism, Niger</span>a</p> Salome Kolo Shamsudeen Abdullahi Jonam Jacob Lembi Copyright (c) 2022 Salome Kolo, Philip Ayuba, Shamsudeen Abdullahi 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 Retracing the Lost Essence of a Neighborhood Open Space, Khori Garden- transformation and its impacts <p style="text-align: justify;">Inner city cores often hold historical, cultural and social significance for people. Yet in present day scenario these suffer under tremendous threat of commercialization, making it essential to take serious measures to conserve their heritage values for visual aesthetics as well as social continuity and psychological reasons of identity. Karachi experienced a booming phase of development under the British reign; and was elevated to the image of a prospering port city. Concepts of colonial city planning were introduced in urban and architectural development of Karachi, using key elements such as community interaction spaces in the form of gardens, public squares, halls and cultural/ recreational spaces for resident communities. Khori Garden is one such example of a residential enclave planned with elegant structures aligned along narrow streets depicting Victorian Era, classical residential square. Different communities intermingled here for business opportunities, as well as for living in this residential neighborhood. The Khori Garden in the center served as a communal space for all which helped in strengthening community ties .This has however, transformed drastically due to overcrowding and pressures of commercialization and uncontrolled encroachments. Large number of hawkers and vendors set up their make shift shops along the walls of the garden due to which it is completely obscured from vision at street level. In addition, the demographic changes in the area have resulted in diminishing the community oriented activities that once took place in this neighborhood park.This paper attempts at tracing the historical timeline of Khori Garden and its precinct, to identify the catalyst/s for its present transformation. It further aims at engaging participation of communities still living in the area to interpret their perceptions and aspirations about this community open space, and look into possibilities for its reintegration as a socio-cultural and economic hub of inner city Karachi.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong>: N<span class="tagit-label">eighborhood garden, colonial architecture and planning, development, community space, urban degeneration</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hira Ovais Copyright (c) 2022 Hira Ovais 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 Assessing Community Resilience from Gender Perspective: A Case Study of Flood Affected Areas of D G Khan <p style="text-align: justify;">Floods in Pakistan have caused serious havoc to gender and is a constant threat to the resilience of the community especially in the far away villages of the country. Due to negligence of government, poor and illiterate people are living in areas that are high risk. Lack of awareness and poverty makes the situation even more deplorable. The highlight of the study is that it tries to bring forth the issues of both genders during floods in D G Khan. Just like any natural disaster, floods also effects both genders but women are affected more adversely. Main impacts that floods have on the community include physical, social and psychological impacts that affect both men and women of the community and leads them towards vulnerability. Serious gender related issues which were seen and experienced by the people of the area became the reason of the vulnerability for both genders especially of women. They suffer the loss of their loved ones and they have to bear it while working even more hard from usual days for the survival of their other family members. The loss of material things that took a lot of time and money to make also effects the people emotionally. After the disaster the feeling of misery and helplessness effects the people severely. All these things became the reason that people of the case study area were considered to be vulnerable and there is need that community resilience among them should get introduced.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Disaster, Gender, Community Resilience, Vulnerability</p> Asim Muhammad Aimen Feroz Atif Bilal Aslam Copyright (c) 2022 Asim Muhammad 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 A Journey from Conception to Conservation; a Case Study of Tomb of Nur Jahan Shahdara Lahore <p style="text-align: justify;">Built heritage is very important for any nation. The objective manifestation of human mind is evident in the built monuments and historic sites. Tomb of Nur Jahan is one of such monument which shows the glorious reign of Mughal Empire. Nur Jahan Tomb Has its own importance because of being located in the Garden complex of Shahdara which has remained an important gateway to Lahore during Mughal Period. The Nur Jahan Tomb has remained a neglected monument in the whole complex of Shahdara due to various reasons. The objective of this study is to document the monument from an idea towards a reality in addition to the similarities of the tomb with other tombs of the complex, reasons of decay and the conservation work done. The tomb has also lost its gardens, architectural elements and landscape features. It has also gone through many damages and repairs with the passage of time. Studies show that there are multiple causes of decay in which flood is the major one and recent conservation has saved the monument from further deterioration. This documented data with visually analyzed heritage asset would serve for a planning of a comprehensive conservation and restoration plan for this neglected heritage and further highlight’s its importance within the Shahdara Complex.</p> Memoona Rashid Muhammad Zeshan Ashraf Rumana Khan Sherwani Copyright (c) 2022 Memoona Rashid, Muhammad Zeshan Ashraf, Rumana Khan Sherwani 2022-11-01 2022-11-01 5 2 Assessment of Adaptive Reuse Practices of Colonial Buildings on Mall Road, Lahore <p style="text-align: justify;">Transfer of culture to future generation is very important and in that case heritage buildings plays a very vital role. With the passage of time historical buildings have lost their actual character and aesthetic value. When historical buildings have lost their original functions, the best way to retain their traditional meaning is Adaptive Reuse. The reuse of building and adapting building for some other function become a growing trend because by increasing the life of building, using adaptive reuse techniques we not only minimize construction, storage, and energy consumption, but also provide sustainable ecosystems. The problem highlighted in this research work is to understand the negligence of factors implicated in the adaptative practices of colonial buildings on Mall Road, Lahore we can clearly observe that the negligence in colonial building reuse practices is exactly related with the methods that are involved in the adaptive reuse process, and if those factors are improved then the productive and efficient reuse of built heritage will be achieved The research was conducted in urban area of Mall Road, Lahore by using both qualitative and quantitate research methodology, in which in-depth interviews were conducted. In the end some suggestions were also given, that can be taken at micro and macro level to monitor adaptive reuse of colonial buildings on Mall Road Lahore. There is a strong need to take effective measures through proper investigation.</p> Nida Rehman Adnan Jalil Maryam Siddiq Copyright (c) 2022 ADNAN JALIL, Nida Rehman, Maryam Siddiq 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2