Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment <p>Journal of ART, ARCHITECTURE AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT (JAABE) aims to present the advanced and innovative research on all major and minor issues of art, architecture, urban design, and planning.</p> School of Architecture and Planning (SAP), University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan. en-US Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment 2617-2690 Assessment of the Statutory Duties of Federal Road Safety Corps Aimed at Reducing Crashes and Carnages in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria <p>The recent road crashes along the main routes in Oyo State have drawn the attention of people towards the role and statutory responsibilities of Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC). Therefore, this research was conducted to assess the statutory duties of FRSC aimed at limiting the number of road crashesin Oyo State. This work was limited to 3 Local Government Areas (LGAs) out of 11 LGAs that make up Ibadan and its environs. The study adopted simple random sampling technique using well-structured questionnaires to elicit information regarding the statutory duties of FRSC, a major road transport enforcement agency in Nigeria. From110 respondents ranging from commercial drivers, private vehicle owners, commercial motorcyclists, commuters, and road accident victims, 103 questionnaires were retrieved and were found analysable. The collected data was processed using descriptive data analysis techniques. It was found that out of 22 statutory duties of FRSC, only seven were being discharged effectively. Hence, it can easily be inferred that the operational performance of FRSC is not satisfactory. Therefore, this study recommends that the authorities should give prompt medical attention and care to accident victims on the road and should also enforce speed limits with the use of speed limit devices. The use of mobile phone while driving should be discouraged and the use of seatbelts should be promoted. At the same time, individuals, NGOs and corporate bodies should be given a free hand to contribute in reducing the number of road accidents. The use of sirens, beacon lights and flashers should be well-controlled and the struggle against fake driving licences should be enhanced.</p> Araoye Olarinkoye Ajiboye Olusola Joseph Kolawole Adeola Adebanji Adebanjo Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 3 2 10.32350/jaabe/2020/32/968 Planning For Sustainability: Transportation and Land Use in Ilorin, Nigeria <p>The increase in the growth of cities and the numbers of people moving to cities in the last two decades have led to sharp increase in transportation demand and development of slums and urban sprawl. Cities like Lagos, Ibadan, Kano, Port-Harcourt and Ilorin and other areas in Nigeria are experiencing many pressure on land use such as;, free-space, transportation facilities and a host of urban related problems which urgently deserve planners’ attention. Ilorin is one of the fastest growing cities in Nigeria. The problems of transportation and land use in Ilorin can be summarized into the following: long queue of people daily at ‘bus stops’, the problem of old narrow streets in most of the unplanned areas of the city and the emerging incursion of transport infrastructural facilities into the residential areas. To address these and other urban land-use problems world-wide, various governments have put in place different urban renewal programmes, but in the case of Nigeria little impacts on the city transportation and land-use systems had taken place. This research used exploratory method to justify the essence of planning in transportation system and on land-use in order to enhance and maintain sustainable development. The paper also suggests some measures like; expansion of existing narrow roads and provision of necessary infrastructural facilities, inter modality light rail/tram, creation of modern parks at specified locations as well as enlargement of public and private partnerships-involving the Government, transport associations, financial institutions, the available universities and some other professional bodies to serve as panacea to problems highlighted.</p> Raphael Abiodun Olawepo Yusuf Alapata Ahmed Ayodeji Asaju Copyright (c) 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 3 2 10.32350/jaabe/2020/32/969 Psychological Impacts of Architectural Design on Living Spaces <p>With the advancement of modern era, architects have seen the architectural spaces as aesthetical masterpieces focusing more on their style, composition, pedigree, form, symbolism, allegory etc and how wonderful they look from the street then their design having an impact on its user and its value in terms of cognitive health, functionality and social determinant of mental and physical wellbeing. It is a well-known fact that our environment and surroundings play a vital role on our moods and health. More aesthetically improved, but not very smartly designed space affects our disposition and vigor. This situation leads to various health issues which can easily be curtailed with the proper use of architectural techniques employed. The Aim of the research paper is to identify the situation on hand around the city of Karachi and to focus upon the fact that people are socially, morally, ethically and physically at a state of ultimate distress and how the environment responsive architectural spaces can be wholesome for the human if they are more nearer to natural instincts then phoniness. The adopted methodology for this research was observational with qualitative comparisons of stakeholders with conversational interviews from the context of Pakistan specifically Karachi. Information for this was gathered through concentrated primary and secondary research methods both qualitative and quantitative.</p> Madiha Salam Copyright (c) 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 3 2 10.32350/jaabe/2020/32/970 Designing Varzaneh Desert Tourism Resorts with Eco-tourism Development Approach <p>This article aims to create a Residential and Recreational Complex and to investigate its impact on improving the living standards of the local Varzaneh desert community. In view of Iran is highly ranked in terms of diversity of natural and climatic phenomena, especially desert climate in the world, in this paper Varzaneh desert was selected as the target and statistical community and practical and developmental purposes have been analyzed and implemented as descriptive and developmental. Using causal analysis, strategies and tactics for ecotourism development in this area have been proposed, so that the research of this paper reflects the fact that the Varzaneh Desert has an aggressive strategy based on supporting its strengths and usability of existing opportunities to overcome the weaknesses and threats facing ecotourism development.</p> Parnaz Shams Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 3 2 10.32350/jaabe/2020/32/972 Analytical Study of Uniqueness of Culture of Pakistan <p>This paper deals with the culture of Pakistan and specifically the uniqueness of the Pakistani culture. When we study Pakistan we find that there are five provinces namely: Punjab; Sindh; Khyber Pakhtunkhawa; Balochistan and Gilgit Baltistan. Every province has a different and unique culture even; within a province there are different regional cultures which are unique in themselves. The culture of Lahore is different from that of Karachi or Peshawar. Similarly, the culture of Lahore is different from Faisalabad and Sahiwal. In this paper, the culture of the walled city Lahore is discussed and some of its factors that are unique are dug out. As discussed above, culture can be studied through tools, ornaments, art, customs etc. This paper uses one form of art i.e. architecture to study the culture of walled city of Lahore. It includes all of the factors that influence architecture e.g. climate, norms and values etc. Various locations of the walled city were visited and pictorial survey was carried out in order to look for the architectural elements in planning, sections and elevations that have been developed as a result of a particular culture and whose study can actually lead us to that particular unique cultural value of the people of the area understudy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Khalifa Ahmad Muiz Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 3 2 10.32350/jaabe/2020/32/973