Governance and Society Review <p style="text-align: justify;">Governance and Society Review (GSR) is a double-blind, peer-reviewed, bi-annual journal published by the School of Governance and Society, University of Management &amp; Technology, Lahore. GSR publishes <span class="JsGRdQ">research that contributes to the public administration theory, policy and practice. It widely covers the areas of public administration, public policies, service delivery, governance, and management in public organizations.</span></p> University of Management & Technology (UMT), Lahore en-US Governance and Society Review 2959-1619 EFFECT OF HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY ON STAFF PERFORMANCE IN THE NIGERIAN NATIONAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION LIMITED (NNPCL) <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study examines the Human Capital Development Policy as a tool for enhancing staff performance in Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation Limited. To achieve this purpose, several hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. For this purpose, several prior studies related to the variables were reviewed. A survey research design was adopted as a method to conduct this study. Precisely, a sample size of forty respondents was randomly selected for the assessment. A questionnaire method was used for the data collection, which was further analyzed by using regression analysis. The significance level of 0.05 was used for the statistical testing of hypotheses, which revealed the effect of policy implementation and employee job satisfaction in NNPCL. The Human Capital Development Policies and programs not only motivated the staff but also reflected better performance in the organization. Furthermore, this study recommended that Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation Limited (NNPCL) should conduct a thorough analysis of the current state of Human Capital Development Policies to identify other areas that require improvement. This assessment should involve evaluating the existing and new policies and practices, identifying gaps, and measuring staff performance metrics. Additionally, it was indicated that should develop a comprehensive human capital development strategy that aligns with the company's goals. This strategy should include training and development programs, mentoring and coaching initiatives, and performance management processes.</p> Musa Zakari Copyright (c) 2023 Musa Zakari 2023-11-21 2023-11-21 2 1 Understanding Governance Policy Concerning Sustainability of Smart Cities in China <p>The current study focused on a developmental approach to study sustainability and public administration in the smart cities of China. The concept was based on an analysis of how cities are being reinvented using data and new technology in urban settings to enable sustainable practices, while taking into account the best possible balance between managing environmental resources and managing urban and rural areas. In this context, the goal is to present the development of China’s so-called smart cities, considering the Chinese government’s plan to create a new phase of economic growth, sustainability, and greater regional integration, through institutional management, improving infrastructure, and protecting the natural resources with an emphasis on energy transition and innovation... At the same time, COVID-19 pandemic is considered to have intensified the global debate on sustainable development by highlighting the vulnerability of humans towards diseases, amid the culture of hyper consumption and climate change.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> J. Renato Peneluppi Jr Olívia Bulla Copyright (c) 2023 J. Renato Peneluppi Jr, Olívia Bulla 2023-11-21 2023-11-21 2 1