International Health Review 2024-03-20T08:30:06+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">International Health Review (IHR) is an open access peer-reviewed biannual journal that strives to lead the debate on multidisciplinary aspects of health and medical sciences and to publish high value productive research through a rigorous process of peer-review and evaluation in the field of health and medical sciences. The journal’s mission is to bring novel, significant, enduring, and advance research of prime importance to health practitioners, researchers and medical experts that addresses challenging questions in health and medical disciplines.</p> Effect of Almond and Thyme Oils on the Nutritional Profile of Broiler and Quail Meat 2024-03-20T04:12:03+00:00 Samar Roheela Yasmeen Syeda Shaista Gillani Syeda Saira Iqbal Shumaila Usman <p>Broiler and quail farming have experienced significant growth in Pakistan. Broiler chickens are primarily raised for their meat, whereas quails are raised for both their meat and eggs. This study aims to assess the quality and shelf life of broiler and quail meat when treated with thyme and almond essential oils and stored under refrigeration at 4℃. Proximate analysis was conducted on the quail and broiler meat samples, assessing moisture, ash, protein, and fat content to evaluate their nutritional value. Nanoemulsions of thyme and almond oil were prepared at two different concentrations (15% and 25%) and applied to the meat samples, which were then divided into five groups: a control group and four treatment groups. The four treatment groups were labelled as 15% thyme, 25% thyme, 15% almond, and 25% almond. The meat samples were analyzed for their proximate composition (moisture, ash, protein, and fat) and pH levels on the first, seventh, and twenty-first days of the experiment. Fresh samples of chicken and quail meat exhibited significant differences in moisture, ash, proteins, and fats, while pH levels remained relatively stable. On the 7<sup>th</sup> and 21<sup>st</sup> days, there was an observable increase in ash, protein, and fat values across all experimental groups, while pH levels remained relatively unchanged. Broiler meat had the highest protein content, while quail meat contained the highest fat levels. Among the treatments, it was observed that thyme oil at a 25% concentration yielded the best results for preserving nutritional values close to their initial levels when compared to the other experimental groups. Based on the study's findings, it is reasonable to conclude that thyme oil, in comparison to almond oil, maybe a more effective option for preserving meat and extending the shelf life of stored meat.</p> 2023-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Health Review A Cross-Sectional Study Concerning Piriformis Tightness: Identifying Predisposing Factors and its Association with Low Back Pain in Office Workers 2024-03-20T04:14:43+00:00 Rabia Shaheen Khan Zufa Shafiq Rukash Mehar Arfa Akhtar Usama Bin Sabir Muhammad Ammar Zainia Tariq Junaid Saleem <p>To identify the predisposing factors of piriformis tightness and its association with lower back pain in office workers due to prolonged working hours. In this cross-sectional study, a convenient sampling technique was used to collect data from the study participants. The study setting was private office setups in Faisalabad, Pakistan. A sample size of 250 office workers was selected through defined inclusion criteria after the screening of almost 400 workers. The selection criteria were individuals aged 26-50 years having a minimum of 2 years of work experience. The study period was from October 2021 to March 2022. Seated piriformis test was used to check the presence of piriformis muscle tightness. The visual analogue scale was used for pain assessment and a structured questionnaire was used to check the predisposing factors. Piriformis tightness was found in 76% of the office workers. Chi-square test resulted in a significant association of piriformis tightness with lower back pain (p&lt;0.05). Conclusively, it was observed that piriformis tightness was frequent in office workers due to prolonged working hours. Furthermore, it was highlighted that predisposing factors, included prolonged working hours, uncomfortable chairs without appropriate foot support, poor posture, and work-related pain.</p> 2023-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Health Review Prevalence of Non-specific Lower Back Pain among Nurses Working in Medical Wards and Emergency Units 2024-03-20T04:16:18+00:00 Sania Zafar Maryam Afzal Sumaira Zainab Naeem Nida Hanif Rameeza Hassan <p>The current study aimed to find out the prevalence of nonspecific lower back pain among the nurses of medical wards and emergency units. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study was conducted in various public and private hospitals in Okara, Pakistan. A sample size of &nbsp;150 female nurses was considered for the study. Moreover, convenient sampling technique and questionnaires were used along with the Oswestry Disability Index to evaluate the lower back pain and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale was used to gauge its severity. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 22 software.Among 150 female nurses, 44.7% were between 20-30 years old, 36.0% were aged 31-40, and 19.3% were aged 41-50. Out of these 150 female nurses, 61 worked in the medical ward and 89 were working in the emergency department. Statistical analysis with a p-value &lt; 0.05 indicated a significant difference in the occurrence of lower back pain between these two groups. The medical ward had a lower prevalence of 42.3% as compared to the emergency department that had 63.1%, respectively. Conclusively, it was observed that a significant work-related health concern is the incidence of non-specific lower backaches among nurses working in hospital wards and emergency rooms. As compared to nurses in medical wards, emergency room nurses appeared to experience more intensified lower back discomfort due to prolonged working hours.</p> 2023-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Health Review Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Adolescents in Orphanage from Lahore, Pakistan 2024-03-20T08:30:06+00:00 Hamala Khan Zoha Sohail Noohela Khan Shazia Zahra Rameen Khan Niazii Usama Anwaar Ayesha Zaheer Mnahil Moazzam Dua Arshad <p>Orphans are one of the most vulnerable groups to nutritional deficiency, which require more nutritional care for proper growth and development. Assessment of nutritional status has cornerstone importance in orphans because growth retardation is mainly caused by undernutrition. As United Nations indicated in a recent report, there are more than 4.3 million orphan children in Pakistan and many of them are under age nearly of 17. The study aims to assess adolescent’s nutritional status and the relationship between BMI and their dietary habits. The current study is a cross-sectional study conducted on 80 orphan children aged (10-19 years). The sample of orphan children was taken from three orphanages in Lahore via non-probability convenient sampling. The data was collected using a questionnaire that included questions related to anthropometric measurements, clinical assessment, and food frequency tables. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software version 25. The frequency of orphans with normal BMI was 51.2% among the study sample. Indicatively, majority of children were suffering from paleness and dryness of skin, white spots in nails, redness in eyes, dry and brittle hair, and discolored or spongy gums. Dietary history showed that consumption of bread and cereals, starchy vegetables, junk food, and carbonated beverages was more common among orphanages. Orphan children in diverse orphanages had sub-clinical nutritional deficiencies due to poor dietary habits; emphasizing the need for detailed assessment of nutritional status in orphanages for the applications of related interventions to prevent nutritional deficiencies.</p> 2024-03-19T15:29:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Health Review Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Phytoextraction in Combination with Antibiotics Against Bacteria Isolated from Diabetic Foot Infection 2024-03-20T04:20:06+00:00 Rizwan Asif Hammad Ahmad Riffat Yasmin Farheen Ansari Madiha Mustafa Minhas Alam Subtain Shah <p>The worldwide growing antibiotic resistance against microbes has shifted the trend towards medicinal plants. Herbs are gaining courtesy for their effectiveness, safety, cheapness, and therapeutic potential. The current study focuses on the antibacterial potential of Mentha piperita (mint), Syzygium cumini (jamun), Citrus limon (lemon), and Punica granatum (pomegranate) extracts against isolated bacterial strains from diabetic foot infections. Diabetic foot samples (n=80) were collected for isolation of bacteria. Samples were run on respective media for isolation of different bacteria, which were further identified through microscopy and biochemical testing. Antibacterial activity was determined by disc and well diffusion methods. Several bacteria like S. aureus (42), P. aeruginosa (41), E. coli (28) K. pneumonia (22), S. epidermidis (15), Bacillus (7), and Proteous mirabilis (7) were isolated. Antibacterial analysis revealed moderate sensitivity of the four selected extracts against isolates, which was higher compared to most synthetic antibiotics. The lemon extract showed moderate antibacterial activity against S. epidermidis (8mm), P. aeruginosa (10mm) Bacillus (10mm), and P. mirabilis (11mm). Similarly, pomegranate also showed moderate sensitivity against all isolated bacteria. Jamun leaf extract showed antibacterial activity against S. epidermidis (12mm), K. pneumonia (10mm), E. coli (12mm), S. aureus, (11mm) and P. mirabilis (10mm). Hence plants could be used as an alternative to synthetic antibiotics with modifications to achieve better results. &nbsp;</p> 2024-03-20T03:59:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Health Review