Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Linguistics and Literature Review (LLR) strictly adheres to the following publication ethics, which commensurate with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Open access

LLR is an open-access Journal. All the articles published either in the current issue or published in past issues have free-access. There is no subscription fee for the Journal. Also, LLR does not charge any publication or processing fee from authors.


The Journal is primarily concerned with publishing research to national and international relevance on all aspects of linguistics and literature. In addition to original articles, the Journal seeks to publish reviews of current books. From time to time, it may also carry articles reflecting the state and interest of linguistic and literary research focusing on a specific country or a region.

Word limit

The maximum word limit for the manuscript is 6000, excluding references and supplementary material. The Journal does not have space for long articles.


All the articles published in the past are maintained in archives and endorse gratis and will continue to build all records accessible online at

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

The authors are strongly advised by the Journal to submit the manuscript, which has a significant contribution to the field of Linguistics and Literary studies. The Journal welcomes papers that interest to our national and international readers. The authors are always encouraged to submit original, unique, and brilliant papers, but the same author may not publish within a three-year. This measure provides us the opportunity to encourage papers from diverse authors. It is important to note that the Journal’s acceptance rate is around 30%. We want to encourage authors to review the Journal’s guidelines and the papers that we have published before they consider submitting their manuscript.  

Authors self-review before submission

The Journal recommends authors to review whether their paper carefully:

  • contributes to the existing body of knowledge;
  • includes a theoretical framework that integrates contemporary research;
  • combines various approaches, theories, and methods in a coherent whole;
  • analyzes unique and interesting data;
  • cites references from different cultures and countries;
  • pursues rigor, clarity, coherence and cohesion in all the section; and
  • meet the guidelines at )

Originality of the substance

It is obligatory upon authors to submit their original work that is solely their intellectual product. The authors shall ensure the ingenuity of their data and other material, and shall not proclaim any text that would come into view to violate originality in any way.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

Authors cannot submit the same manuscript to any other journal during the review process or submit the paper under review elsewhere.

Authorship of the paper

Only genuine authors can show authorship to the manuscript. In case of any bogus authorship entitled to the paper can result in serious action by the editorial board of the Journal. According to their contribution to the manuscript, authors should be enlisted (first, second, third, and so on).

Fundamental errors

The authors must submit the manuscript without lexical, grammatical, and punctuation errors. Moreover, they have to adhere to the Journal's guidelines for formatting, citation and referencing of their manuscript.

Data access and retention

Editors may ask authors to provide access to the raw data for the editorial review, and it may be publicly available if practicable. The authors must attach survey tools in the appendix, and if applicable, the letter from the relevant ethical committee for access to the data. Plagiarism, in all its forms, is unacceptable.

Work citation

Authors can paraphrase any extracts of published works with the citation of the source. However, a quote of not more than 40 words may be given per the JournalJournal's guidelines.  

Citing work published in LLR

It is highly encouraged to cite past studies published in LLR. The Journal suggests that authors cite a minimum of any two studies published in any previous issue of LLR, which are relevant to the study.

Acknowledgment of the resources

Authors are strongly advised to submit the manuscript to the Journal with a complete reference list of the cited work.


The same manuscript cannot be submitted to any other journal during the review process, or to submit the manuscript that is under review elsewhere.

Replica policy

The author(s) must take written permission from the editorial board to reproduce a manuscript that is from their unpublished dissertation or project, or vice versa.  

Plagiarism and similarity index

Plagiarism, in all its form, is unacceptable; therefore, it is the authors' moral obligation to avoid paraphrase others' work without acknowledgment or copying a substantial part of others' work. The similarity index rate below 10 percent is acceptable. No source can have more than 2 percent similarity despite the acknowledgment of that source.


No significant part of the article shall have been previously published either as an article or as a chapter, or as a dissertation or project. 

Promoting creativity and research culture

Authors are informed that all the substance available on the Journal's site is solely to contribute to the field of knowledge and promote creativity and research culture. There is no intention to use the material made available for any commercial purpose.

Following deadlines

It is expected from authors to respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, and revise and re-submit their manuscript to the Journal by the deadline given.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

The authors are advised to disclose the conflicts of interest if there is any while submitting the manuscript. The ideas, data, or any other substance that are the part of unpublished articles submitted to the Journal are authors' intellectual property. Neither the editors nor the reviewers can use them for their interest. All the information obtained through this process will be kept confidential.

Duties and responsibilities of editors

The editors have to ensure the quality of the Journal, strive for the intellectual requirements of authors and readers, support scholarly questions of inquiry, and others. Besides all these, there are also some key responsibilities that editors affirm.

Editorial board

The editorial board's full names and institutional affiliations are provided on the Journal homepage. All the members of the editorial board are ensured to be experts in their field of linguistics and literature.

Publication decisions

After the internal review, the editor-in-chief will decide whether a manuscript should be sent for evaluation to the potential reviewers. The editor-in-chief will have full authority over the content and the timing of its publication. In case of conflict in review reports presented by both reviewers, a verdict will be taken from the third reviewer, and editor -in- chief will make the final decision regarding acceptance/ rejection of the manuscript.

Peer review process 

Editors will engage both international and national reviewers who are experts in their fields for the peer-review process. 


Editors and staff will ensure confidentiality, security of information, and authorized access to the data. Editors and staff will keep the information and decision about the manuscript confidential during the evaluation process.

Fair play

Editorial staff will ensure that all submitted work is given full consideration for publication in the Journal. The editor in chief may confer with other editors and reviewers to decide about the publication of a manuscript based on its originality, theoretical and practical contribution to the body of knowledge. 

Procedures for dealing with unethical behavior

Once the manuscript is under review, authors are not with any right to withdraw their submission. If authors make a concurrent submission, they might be blacklisted with the consensus of the editorial and advisory board. If authors do not respond within the due date despite three reminders, their manuscript will be added to the Turnitin repository permanently.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

The editorial board and staff will request other editorial members to process the manuscript in case of conflicts of interest because of competitive, collaborative, or/or connections with any the authors and institution.

Duties of Reviewers

Standard of objectivity

The reviewers are nominated based on their interest in the areas of linguistics and literary studies. They are invited by the Journal to voluntarily evaluate a manuscript within eight weeks, starting from the time of submission. The standard of objectivity is reflected through by not disclosing the authors' identity. This measure keeps the reviewing process transparent and objective.  


If any reviewer who fails to respond after eight weeks, despite the fortnightly reminders, or the reviewer thinks he or she is not a suitable expert to review, the manuscript, the editor in chief will make a prompt decision to nominate to another reviewer. 

Evaluation criteria of manuscript

All the reviewers are advised to review a manuscript on the evaluation form, whether it:

  • contributes to the existing body of knowledge;
  • includes a theoretical framework that integrates contemporary research;
  • combines various approaches, theories, and methods in a coherent whole;
  • analyzes unique and interesting data;
  • cites references from different cultures and countries;
  • pursues rigor, clarity, coherence and cohesion in all the section; and
  • commensurate with the scope of LLR.


Reviewers are bound to maintain confidentially of the articles during and after the reviewing process. They are not allowed to provide unauthorized access or use data from the unpublished manuscript. The same applies to the reviewers who decline to review a manuscript. They are bound to keep the information and decision about the manuscript confidential during the evaluation process.

Ethical consideration

The observations raised in the manuscript will be supported with logic and argumentation. Personal criticism by reviewers will not be considered while making the final decision on the manuscript. However, if there is any malpractice indicated by a reviewer in a paper, the editor in chief will decide in consultation with the editorial board to reject the manuscript.

Acknowledgment of sources

Reviewers may draw the attention of authors to relevant published work, which is not yet cited in a manuscript.

Expertise in the field

Each paper is peer-reviewed by one national and one international reviewer who are the experts in the manuscript submitted for publication.


The reviewers are bound to make the review process 100 % free of any racial, social, political, and religious biases. All the judgments made by reviewers on the reviewed articles are objective.


Reviewers have the right to draw attention to relevant published work, which is not yet cited.

Decision making

In case of conflict in review reports presented by both reviewers, the decision will be taken from the third reviewer. Editor-in-chief will make the final decision regarding acceptance/ rejection of the manuscript after the third review.  

Disclosure and conflict of interest

It is an ethical responsibility of reviewers to disclose any conflicts of interest with a manuscript. The editor in chief will decide to switch the reviewer promptly. If the reviewers are in any conflict with the author(s), organization, or the subject matter of the research, the editor-in-chief can request to some other reviewers to review the manuscript

Duties of Publisher 


The publisher will ensure the availability and maintenance of the Journal content for researchers, partner organizations, indexing, and abstracting agencies. Any issue regarding access to the data may be directed to the editorial office of the Journal.

Each article published in LLR is assigned a Digital Object Identifier (DOI®number. The DOI is a persistent identifier and serves as a permanent link to access the articles electronically and in print. Similarly, each paper has its own Quick Response Code (QR Code). QR code is a machine-readable code consisting of an array of black and white squares, typically used for storing URLs or information for reading by the camera on a smartphone or tablet. 


The right of the editor-in-chief to be identified as the author of the editorial material and the authors' right for their papers is asserted under the copyrights ordinance 1962 of Pakistan. Author(s) are solely responsible for statements of fact and opinion. All the rights reserved. No part of the Journal may be reprinted or reproduced intentionally or unintentionally without the permission in writing from the editor in chief, the Department of Linguistics and Communications, Institute of Liberal Arts, University of Management and Technology, C-II Revenue Society, Johar Town, Lahore. 

Realistic support

The publisher endows with practical support to the editor and executive editorial board so that they can trail the Code of Conduct COPE for LLR.