Linguistics and Literature Review https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr <p style="text-align: justify;">Linguistics and Literature Review (LLR) is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal published by the University of Management and Technology a leading university in Pakistan. Various international indexing and abstracting agencies cite the journal.</p> en-US <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. </a>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> [email protected] (Dr. Muhammad Asif) [email protected] (Syeda Um E Laila Naqvi) Fri, 29 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Effectiveness of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) Tools for Phonics Instruction: Implications for Very Young Learners https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/4132 <p>Phonics as a teaching method helps the learners establish a connection between graphemes and phonemes and improves their reading and pronunciation skills alongside spelling and vocabulary learning. In this context, this paper investigates the effectiveness of using technology-enhanced language learning (TELL) tools as a supplementary resource to teach systematic synthetic phonics to a government school's KG- Grade 1 learners. For this purpose, 60 Grade KG-1 primary level learners were selected through one group pretest-posttest design. After conducting a pretest, the learners were taught phonics skills, i.e., A-Z letter-sound correspondence, blending, and segmenting of CVC words through digital tools for 27 weeks; afterward, a posttest was administered. The statistical analysis of pretest and posttest revealed a significant improvement in learning all three aspects of phonics instruction as the dependent paired sample t-test affirmed very significant results, i.e., p=0.000 for all three categories. Furthermore, the analysis of gender, age, and interest variables similarly exhibited TELL intervention's positive impact on all the participants. Hence, TELL tools are proposed as supplementary materials for phonics instruction in government schools of Pakistan at the primary level to help the learners and teachers.</p> Sadia Malik, Muhammad Imdadullah, Munaza Javed Copyright (c) 2024 Sadia Malik, Dr. Muhammad Imdadullah, Munaza Javed https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/4132 Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:50:36 +0000 An Acoustic Analysis of Vowel Nasalization in Pakistani English https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/4216 <p>Nasalization is allophonic in English but phonemic in many Pakistani languages. This has contributed to different degrees of nasalization in Pakistani English (PakE) vowels in nasal context as compared to British English (BE) vowels. The current study aimed to acoustically investigate vowel nasalization in PakE using the parameters of A1-P1 and spectral flattening in a sample of PakE speakers with six different L1s, Sindhi, Punjabi, Pashto, Baluchi, Shina, and Urdu, to show similarities and differences with BE. A higher degree of nasalization was observed in CVN and NVN contexts throughout PakE speakers, regardless of L1, as compared to BE sample where nasalization was altogether absent in NVC context. While BE speakers nasalize vowels regressively, PakE speakers nasalize regressively and progressively.</p> Maryah Khalfan Copyright (c) 2024 Maryah Khalfan https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/4216 Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:51:19 +0000 Analyzing Selected Poems of Elizabeth Bishop’s: A Bio-centric View of Eco-critic Attitude https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/2648 <p>The current study explored the biocentric view in the selected poems of Elizabeth Bishop, highlighting an ecocritical arena of her poems. Furthermore, this idea represented Bishop’s anti-anthropocentric perspective; while prevailing her biocentric view. The study deployed the content analysis methodology to analyze Bishop's biocentric attitude through her representation of animals, environment, natural phenomena, and the abiding relationship of all living things, including humans. In this sense, the study further showed that Bishop's oeuvre reveals a sense of environmental consciousness. Her poetry, particularly the selected poems, demonstrate a biocentric view of life that can be easily perceived in her subjective understanding of the nature and the creatures. This is obvious through her representation of natural phenomena such as seasonal cycles, weather, and physical and ecological elements including air, earth, and water that inculcates poet’s environmental consciousness. Hence, by examining the prevailing biocentric view of the poet through an examination of her poetic language, this study shows that the expected environmental imagination elucidates social responsibility for readers, to understand the ecopoetic relationship.</p> Khaled Alkodimi Copyright (c) 2024 khaled Alkodimi https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/llr/article/view/2648 Fri, 29 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000