Exploring Recent Trends in Blockchain Technology: A Systematic Literature Review

  • Muhammad Zahid Khan Department of Computer Science & I.T, University of Malakand, 18800, Chakdara, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1171-1794
  • Shanza Mehboob Department of Information Technology, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, 22500, Havelian, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Ajab Khan Department of Information Technology, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, 22500, Havelian, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Hira Khalid Department of Information Technology, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, 22500, Havelian, Abbottabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Blockchain, scalability, crypt currency, pee-to-peer networks, bitcoin


Abstract Views: 151

Blockchain technology is used to maintain the ever-growing list of data records. Blockchain can be an authentic ledger which includes applications such as fund transfers, settling trades voting, and several other useful components. However, there are still many underlying challenges associated with blockchain technology. Blockchain (database) is older but a new approach in information technology whose first implementation is Bitcoin (crypto currency). Bitcoin has also used Blockchain technology at its back end to keep a permanent record (chains of block) of all the data. Bitcoin is the primary appliance that formed decentralized surroundings
designed for Crypto money, wherever the participant is capable of acquiring and substituting production with Digital cash. Therefore, a confirmed contract could involve crypto cash, contracts, report, or other information. The current study aims to describe a comprehensive synopsis of the blockchain concept which could also be used in many other applications. The most essential material goods of blockchain are made with the aim
that there is no essential overseer or any centralized information storage space routine. Hence, Blockchain transactions occur only in peer to peer network which is distributed among several nodes. Therefore, Blockchain expertise could be an innovative implementation of possible applications, in favor of an organization that enables a safe and sound connection exclusive of the necessitated essential power. The current study proposed and analyzed the possible function of blockchains within a structure throughout a case examination. In addition to do a systematic literature analysis Blockchain technology is expected to bring developments in diverse fields, such as politics, economy, culture, industry, and business models. Therefore, the scholarly research discovered the variety of drivers designed for blockchain accomplishment while highlighting the barriers and risk inborn within the chunk string (Blockchain).


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Muhammad Zahid Khan, Department of Computer Science & I.T, University of Malakand, 18800, Chakdara, Pakistan.

Muhammad Zahid Khan received the B.C.S.
degree (Hons.) in computer science from the
University of Peshawar, Pakistan, in 2003, and
the PhD degree from the School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, Liverpool John
Moores University, U.K., in 2013. He has been
an Assistant Professor with the Department of
Computer and Information Technology, University of Malakand, Pakistan, since 2005, where
he is currently leading the Network Systems and
Security Research Group, Department of CS
and IT. His current research interests include wireless sensor networks,
network and fault management, and the Internet of Things. He is a
Higher Education Commission’s Pakistan Approved Supervisor


Z. Zheng, S. Xie, H. Dai, X. Chen, and H. Wang, "An overview of blockchain technology: Architecture, consensus, and future trends." In 2017 IEEE international congress on big data (BigData congress), Sep. 2017, pp. 557-564, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/BigDataCongress.2017.85

R. Herian, "The politics of blockchain." Law Crit., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 129-131, July 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10978-018-9223-1

C. C. Agbo, Q. H. Mahmoud, and J. M. Eklund, “Blockchain technology in healthcare: a systematic review,” Healthcare,vol. 7, no. 2, p. 56, Apr. 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7020056

P. S. G. A. Sri and D. L. Bhaskari, “A study on blockchain technology,” Int. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 2.7, pp. 418-421, 2018.


L. Zhang, Y. Xie, Y. Zheng, W. Xue, X. Zheng, and X. Xu, “The challenges and countermeasures of blockchain in finance and economics,” Syst. Res. Behav. Sci., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 691-698, June 2020, https://doi.org/10.1002/sres.2710

L. C. Arcos, “The blockchain technology on the music industry,” Braz. J. Oper. Prod. Manag., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 439-443, July 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.14488/BJOPM.2018.v15.n3.a11

A. A. Monrat, O. Schelén, and K. Andersson, “A Survey of Blockchain From the Perspectives of Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 117134-117151, Aug. 2019, doi:https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCES S.2019.2936094

M. Singh, “Blockchain technology for data management in Industry 4.0,” In Blockchain Technology for Industry 4.0, R. da R. Righi, A. M. Alberti, and M. Singh, Eds., Singapore, Springer, 2020, pp. 59-72.

M. Kassen, “Blockchain and e-government innovation: Automation of public information processes,” Inf. Syst., vol. 103, p. 101862, Jan. 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.is.2021 .101862

A. Sharma, S. Bahl, A. K. Bagha, M. Javaid, D. K. Shukla, and A. Haleem, “Blockchain technology and its applications to combat COVID-19 pandemic,” Res. Biomed. Eng., vol. 38, pp. 1-8, Oct. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42600- 020-00106-3

Perera, Srinath, SamudayaNanayakkara, M. N. N. Rodrigo, Sepani Senaratne, and Ralf Weinand, “Blockchain technology: Is it hype or real in the construction industry?” J. Ind. Inf. Integr., vol. 17, p. 100125, Mar. 2020, doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.202 0.100125

E. Karafiloski and A. Mishev, “Blockchain solutions for big data challenges: A literature review,” in 17th Int. Conf. Smart Technol., Aug. 2017, pp. 763- 768, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/EUROC ON.2017.8011213

D. D. F. Maesa and P. Mori. "Blockchain 3.0 applications survey." J Parallel Distrib Comput., vol. 138, no. C, pp. 99- 114, Apr. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpdc.2 019.12.019

I. Priyadarshini, Ishaani, “Introduction to blockchain technology,” in Cyber security in parallel and distributed computing: concepts, techniques, applications and case studies, D. Le, R. Kumar, B. K. Mishra, M. Khari, J. M. Chatterjee, Eds., Wiley Publishers, 2019, pp. 91- 107, doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/978111 9488330 [15] N. Ullah, W. M. Al-Rahmi, A. I. Alzahrani, O. Alfarraj, and F. Mohammed Alblehai, “Blockchain technology adoption in smart learning environments,” Sustainability,vol. 13, no. 4, p. 1801, Feb. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041801

R. Raimundo and A. Rosário, “Blockchain system in the higher education,” Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 276-293, Mar. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11010021

E. P. Fedorova and E. I. Skobleva, “Application of blockchain technology in higher education,” Eur. J. Contemp. Educ., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 552-571, 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2020.3.552

J. Prieto, A. K. Das, S. Ferretti, A. Pinto, and J. M. Corchado, Eds., Blockchain and Applications. Springer, 2020.

Z. Wang, M. Li, J. Lu, and X. Cheng, “Business Innovation based on artificial intelligence and Blockchain technology,” Inf. Process. Manage., vol. 59, no. 1, p. 102759, Jan. 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2021.102759

How to Cite
Khan, M. Z., Shanza Mehboob, Khan, A., & Khalid, H. (2022). Exploring Recent Trends in Blockchain Technology: A Systematic Literature Review. Innovative Computing Review, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.32350/icr.0201.01