Relationship between Domestic Environmental Law and International Environmental Law Principles

  • Seetal Das Home Department, Government of Sindh, Pakistan
  • Ghulam Sarwar Supreme Court of Pakistan
  • Shams Uddin Home Department. Government of Sindh, Pakistan
  • Javed Hussain Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan
Keywords: environmental law, international environmental law, judiciary, Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (EPA), Precautionary Principle, Stockholm Declaration


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The current study attempted to investigate the integration of concepts from international environmental law into Pakistan's Environmental Protection Act (EPA). Notable instances, such as Shehla Zia v. WAPDA, are cited to
underscore the judiciary's pivotal role in shaping Pakistan's environmental policies. The study emphasized the judiciary's adherence to global principles, such as the Precautionary Principle and the Stockholm Declaration, relating them with the right to life. It also highlighted the judiciary's steadfast commitment towards environmental preservation and endorsement of international standards to promote a healthier and safer environment in Pakistan. The study not merely focused on the incorporation of international criteria, however, it also analyzed various legislations. These legislations ranged from the Constitution of Pakistan to the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) and their implementation by diverse environmental agencies.




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How to Cite
Das, S., Sarwar, G., Uddin, S., & Hussain, J. (2023). Relationship between Domestic Environmental Law and International Environmental Law Principles. Law and Policy Review, 2(2), 130-141. Retrieved from