Comparative Analysis of Structural Effect of Single Jersey and its Derivative Fabrics on Mechanical and Comfort Properties of Knitted Fabric
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The physical, mechanical, and comfort properties of knitted fabrics depend on the type, shape, and number of loops per unit area. Physical properties, namely areal density depend on the ratio of knit, tuck, and miss stitches. The higher the ratio of touch stitches, the higher would be the areal density of the knitted fabric. Double Lacoste had a higher ratio of touch stitches and single jerseys had a zero ratio of tuck stitches. Noticeably, the double Lacoste had the highest areal density, whereas the single jersey had the lowest areal density among all knitted fabrics. Therefore, areal density was inversely proportional to the loop length. Mechanical properties such as tensile strength and bursting strength also depend upon the type and length of the loop. The knit loop had the highest tensile and bursting strength, which decreased as the ratio of touch stitches increased. Air permeability increased with the increasing ratio of tuck stitches and reduced when the fabric contains 100% of the knit loops.
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