Childhood Attachment with Parents as Predictor of Subjective Wellbeing in Emerging Adults

  • Sarah Khan
  • Dr. Rabia Riaz
  • Zahra Barkat Ali
Keywords: attachment insecurity, emerging adulthood, subjective well-being


Abstract Views: 90

The current study was intended to explore the dynamics of attachment relationships with the caregivers formed during childhood and the influence of this attachment on the well-being of the emerging adults. It was hypothesized that insecure (avoidant & anxious) attachment style with mother/father is negatively correlated with subjective well-being among emerging adults (18-25 years old). Furthermore, insecure attachment (avoidant & anxious) with mother/father in childhood predicts decreased subjective well-being in emerging adults. The sample comprised N = 403 undergraduate students, aged 18-25 years, from a public sector university. Experiences in Close Relationships- Relations Structure was used to assess the attachment insecurity of the adult with his/her mother and father both. Subjective well-being was measured using three scales: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Positive Affect Negative Affect Scale, and Flourishing Scale. The regression analyses showed that subjective well-being was significantly predicted by insecure attachment.

Keywords: attachment insecurity, subjective well-being, emerging adulthood


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Author Biographies

Sarah Khan

Sarah Khan is an M. Phil scholar at Department of Psychology, University of Karachi. She has worked as visiting faculty at the University of Karachi and Institute of Business Management, Karachi. She is part of the research team, along with Dr. Rabia Riaz and Zahra Ali, which is guided by the purpose of exploring the attachment theory and its implications among adults in later stages of life. The current study is a precursor to upcoming scholarly work pertaining to Bowlby's extensive work in the field. 

Dr. Rabia Riaz

Dr Rabia Riaz is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology, University of Karachi. She has 15 years of experience in providing psychological assessment and therapeutic services to a diverse population of mental health clients. Dr Rabia is also the coauthor of the recently published therapeutic guide on the treatment and management of anxiety.

Zahra Barkat Ali

Zahra Ali is an associate clinical psychologist and has a private practice. She is a lecturer at the department of psychology, University of Karachi. She has an M.Phil. degree in clinical psychology and is currently a PhD fellow. Apart from her association with academia over 7 years, she also served as a director of a community mental health outreach program for Caravan of life Pakistan in 2021. Additionally, she worked with the Aga Khan Social Welfare Board for Pakistan which is a volunteer-based non-profit. Based on her community services, she was selected for “Emerging Leaders of Pakistan”, a fellowship program of the Atlantic council’s South Asia Center, Washington DC in 2015.


Reference 1:
Sajida Agha
Associate Professor
College of medicine
king Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Reference 2:
Dr. Rabia Hanif
Department of Applied Psychology
Head of the Department
Gulberg Greens Campus, Riphah International University
Islamabad, Pakistan