Exploring the Delay Factors of Integrated Energy Project by Dynamic Green (Pvt.) Limited

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Abdullah Farooq Ansari
Muhammad Haseeb Ahmad
Afia Mushtaq

Abstract

Dynamic Green (Pvt.) Limited is the latest initiative of the Dynamic group of companies to tackle the most challenging issue faced by Pakistan that is energy crisis. In Pakistan, the manufacturing industry, businesses, and households face energy shortfalls. To achieve the objective of reduction in energy crises, Dynamic Green (Pvt.) Limited has started the first integrated energy project. The aim of this study is to explore the delay factors and their causes in an integrated energy project by Dynamic Green (Pvt.) Limited. Qualitative research methodology was used in this study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with those employees of Dynamic Green (Pvt.) Limited who had been actively involved in this integrated energy project. NVivo v11 software was used to analyze the critical delay factors and their causes. By applying the word cloud and thematic analysis, the study found that communication gap, improper planning, incomplete documents, poor organizational processes, stakeholders’ conflicts, lack of coordination between project coordinators, unskilled labor, procurement issues, and poor evaluation of vendor selection were significant delay factors in the integrated energy project. These findings are expected to be a noteworthy contribution of this study which recommends practical solutions to prevent further delays in the future.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

References

Abd El-Razak, M. E., Bassioni, H. A., & Mobarak, A. M. (2008). Causes of delay in building construction projects in Egypt. Journal of construction engineering and management, 134(11), 831–841.
Abdul-Rahman, H., Berawi, M. A., Berawi, A. R., Mohamed, O., Othman, M., & Yahya, I. A. (2006). Delay mitigation in the Malaysian construction industry. Journal of construction engineering and management, 132(2), 125–133. Aibinu, A. A., & Odeyinka, H. A. (2006). Construction delays and their causative factors in Nigeria. Journal of construction engineering and management, 132(7), 667–677.
Akogbe, R. K. T., Feng, X., & Zhou, J. (2013). Importance and ranking evaluation of delay factors for development construction projects in Benin. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 17(6), 1213–1222.
Alaghbari, W. E., Kadir, M. R. A., & Salim, A. (2007). The significant factors causing delay of building construction projects in Malaysia. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management,14(2), 196–206.
Al‐Kharashi, A., & Skitmore, M. (2009). Causes of delays in Saudi Arabian public sector construction projects. Construction Management and Economics, 27(1), 3–23.
Association for Project Management (APM). (2019). APM: Body of knowledge (5th ed.). High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire: Author.
Ashfaq, S., Zhang, D., & Malik, T. N. (2018, November). Sequence components based three-phase power flow algorithm with renewable energy resources for a practical application. Paper presented in the 2018 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC), IEEE.
Atici, K. B., Simsek, A. B., Ulucan, A., & Tosun, M. U. (2015). A GIS-based multiple criteria decision analysis approach for wind power plant site selection. Utilities Policy, 37, 86–96.
Aziz, R. F. (2013). Ranking of delay factors in construction projects after Egyptian revolution. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52(3), 387–406.
Aziz, R. F., & Abdel-Hakam, A. A. (2016). Exploring delay causes of road construction projects in Egypt. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 55(2), 1515–1539.
Batool, A., & Abbas, F. (2017). Reasons for delay in selected hydro-power projects in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 196–204.
Bruce, D. (2001). Help wanted: Results of CFIB surveys on the shortage of qualified labour. Ottawa: Canadian Federation of Independent Businesses.
Correljé, A., Cuppen, E., Dignum, M., Pesch, U., & Taebi, B. (2015). Responsible innovation in energy projects: Values in the design of technologies, institutions and stakeholder interactions.Dordtrecht: Springer.
Dawn News. (2012). Electricity shortfall in the country reaches 8,500 MW. Received August 17, 2019, from https://www.dawn.com/news/727263
Dimbleby, G. W. (2017). The domestication and exploitation of plants and animals. New York: Routledge.
Doloi, H. (2013). Cost overruns and failure in project management: Understanding the roles of key stakeholders in construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(3), 267–279.
Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., Iyer, K. C., & Rentala, S. (2012). Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 30(4), 479–489.
Dresselhaus, M. S., & Thomas, I. L. (2001). Alternative energy technologies. Nature, 414(6861), 332.
DGL. (2018). Annual Report 2018 of Dynamic Green Limited. Faisalabad: Author.
Han, S. H., Yun, S., Kim, H., Kwak, Y. H., Park, H. K., & Lee, S. H. (2009). Analyzing schedule delay of mega project: Lessons learned from Korea train express. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 56(2), 243–256.
Haseeb, M., Bibi, A., & Rabbani, W. (2011). Problems of projects and effects of delays in the construction industry of Pakistan. Australian Journal of Business and Management Reresearch, 1(5), 41–50.
Hill, G. M. (2007). The complete project management office handbook (3rd ed.). Florida: Auerbach Publications.
Hobbs, B., Aubry, M., & Thuillier, D. (2008). The project management office as an organisational innovation. International Journal of Project Management, 26(5), 547–555.
Jergeas, G. (2009). Improving construction productivity on Alberta oil and gas capital projects. Retrieved from https://open.alberta.ca/dataset/5b389bc8-861b45d0bb532172aabdae28/resource/faba85d0d3984d2a9de02010d698b80e/download/improving-construction-productivity.pdf Joffe,
H. (2012). Thematic analysis. In David Harper & Andrew R. Thompson (Eds.), Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health and Psychotherapy: A guide for students and practitioners. New Jersey: John Wiley.
Kamran, M. (2018). Current status and future success of renewable energy in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, 609–617.
Kazaz, A., Ulubeyli, S., & Tuncbilekli, N. A. (2012). Causes of delays in construction projects in Turkey. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 18(3), 426–435.
Kerzner, H. (2017). Project management metrics, KPIs, and dashboards: A guide to measuring and monitoring project performance. New Jersey: John Wiley.
Khan, I. U., Othman, M. H. D., Hashim, H., Matsuura, T., Ismail, A. F., Rezaei-DashtArzhandi, M., & Azelee, I. W. (2017). Biogas as a renewable energy fuel–A review of biogas upgrading, utilisation and storage. Energy Conversion and Management, 150, 277–294.
Khosa, F. K., Zia, M. F., & Bhatti, A. A. (2015, December). Genetic algorithm based optimization of economic load dispatch constrained by stochastic wind power. Paper presented at the 2015 International Conference on Open Source
Systems & Technologies (ICOSST), IEEE.
Khoshgoftar, M., Bakar, A. H. A., & Osman, O. (2010). Causes of delays in Iranian construction projects. International Journal of Construction Management, 10(2), 53–69.
Kroposki, B., Pink, C., DeBlasio, R., Thomas, H., Simoes, M., & Sen, P. K. (2010). Benefits of power electronic interfaces for distributed energy systems. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 25(3), 901–908.
Martin, N. L., Pearson, J. M., & Furumo, K. A. (2005, January). IS project management: size, complexity, practices and the project management office. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, IEEE.
Munns, A. K., & Bjeirmi, B. F. (1996). The role of project management in achieving project success. International Journal of Project Management, 14(2), 81–87.
Ndahimana, D., & Kim, E. K. (2017). Measurement methods for physical activity and energy expenditure: Areview. Clinical Nutrition Research, 6(2), 68–80.
Odeh, A. M., & Battaineh, H. T. (2002). Causes of construction delay: Traditional contracts. International Journal of Project Management, 20(1), 67–73.
Pandey, B., & Bajgain, S. (2007). Feasibility study of domestic biogas in Pakistan. New York: UNDP.
Pemsel, S., & Wiewiora, A. (2013). Project management office a knowledge broker in project-based organisations. International Journal of Project Management, 31(1), 31–42.
Project Management Institute (PMI). (2017). Pulse of the profession. Philadelphia, PA: Author.
Rafique, M. M., & Rehman, S. (2017). National energy scenario of Pakistan: Current status, future alternatives, and institutional infrastructure – An overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 156–167.
Rosen, M. A. (2009). Combating global warming via non-fossil fuel energy options. International Journal of Global Warming, 1(1-3), 2–28.
Sambasivan, M., & Soon, Y. W. (2007). Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25(5), 517–526.
Shaikh, A. W., Muree, M. R., & Soomro, A. S. (2010). Identification of critical delay factors in construction. Sindh University Research Journal-SURJ (Science Series), 42(2), 11–14.
Sokhanvar, S., Matthews, J., & Yarlagadda, P. (2014). Importance of knowledge management processes in a project-based organization: A case study of research enterprise. Procedia Engineering, 97, 1825–1830.
Spinner, M., & Spinner, M. (1992). Elements of project management: Plan, schedule, and control. London: Prentice Hall.
Trendle, B. (2008). Skill and labour shortages-definition, cause and implications. Queensland: Department of Education, Training, and the Arts.
Uddin, W., Khan, B., Shaukat, N., Majid, M., Mujtaba, G., Mehmood, A., ... & Almeshal, A. M. (2016). Biogas potential for electric power generation in Pakistan: A survey. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 54, 25–33.
Van Maanen, J. (1983). Qualitative methodology. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Vaquero, L. M., Rodero-Merino, L., Caceres, J., & Lindner, M. (2008). A break in the clouds: Towards a cloud definition. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, 39(1), 50–55.
Wei, K. S. (2010). Causes, effects and methods of minimizing delays in construction projects: A project report. Malaysia:Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Westerveld, E. (2003). The project excellence model: Linking success criteria and critical success factors. International Journal of Project Management, 21(6), 411–418.
Zeb, A., Ahmad, S., Haider, A., Basit, A., & Salman, M. (2018, September). How to resolve energy problems of Pakistan?Paper presented at the 2018 International Conference on Power Generation Systems and Renewable Energy Technologies (PGSRET), IEEE.