Female Sufi Leaders in Turkey: Signals of a New Social Pattern Emerging in Secular Side

  • Dr. Gözde Özelce Humboldt University Institute of Asian and African Studies Berlin, Germany
Keywords: Sufi women, Multiple modernity, Secularism, Muslim women identity

Abstract

Two sufi women take part in activities related to sufism and create an attraction point in the secular side in Turkey. The most striking point is that both women do not wear headscarves although they are muslim women. This article attempts to show how sufi women Cemalnur Sargut and Hayatnur Artıran have idealized a Muslim woman's identity, the work they are doing to achieve this ideal, their attidue toward Rebublic values, and the effects of these attitudes on their followers. This article was created from my doctoral thesis and based on Qualitative research which has been established on the basis of 2-year long participant observation and data obtained from in-depth and focus interviews. 31 women and 20 men were interviewed in depth and focus interviews. The main conclusions of my qualitative research are that the influence of theese sufi women is related with process of modernization by accelerating the establishment of the republic in Turkey. It seems that a perception has established concerning that “public apparency’’ of woman will disappear if the “apparency of body’’ disappears and the woman will return to its role which had relapsed into silence for centuries. Besides not using the headscarf, religious conversation has been created by these sufi women in the balance of religion, philosophy and science and the fact that they are conducting their works under secular institutions such as foundations and associations have also been observed to have a very important effect on secular side.

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Published
2019-03-04
How to Cite
Dr. Gözde Özelce. 2019. “Female Sufi Leaders in Turkey: Signals of a New Social Pattern Emerging in Secular Side”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 9 (1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc.91.01.