A Comparative Analysis of Terrorism among Muslim and Non-Muslim Countries in the Perspective of Economic Activity

  • Tariq Hussain Department of Economics, University of Lahore, Pakpattan Campus, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Qasim of Lahore, Pakpattan, Pakistan Ph.D. Scholar, National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E), Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Terrorism, Trends, Severity, GDP, Muslim and Non-Muslim Countries

Abstract

Terrorism is becoming threatening and fear-provoking phenomenon for the present globe. The occurrence of terrorists’ activities is carried on without discrimination of Muslim and Non- Muslim countries. Present study investigates the trends and severity of terrorism in both Muslim and Non-Muslim countries. Forty five Muslim and one hundred thirty Non-Muslim countries are considered. Strong economic performance may reduce terrorism. The relationship of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita with terrorism is also calculated. In both types of countries, terrorist activities are evaluated through number of attacks, killings and injured persons. Besides this, the correlation is also applied to examine the association among number of attacks, killings and injured persons. Descriptive statistics evidently shows the huge losses in the form of Number of attacks, Killings and Injured persons. From 1980s to 2015, total terrorist attacks, killed persons and injured persons are 67518, 188775 and 272683 respectively in Muslim countries. In the sameway, in Non-Muslims countries, from 1980s to 2015, total terrorist attacks, killed persons and injured persons are 86914, 159386 and 167828 respectively. Number of injuries and killings are comparatively higher in Muslim countries whereas Non-Muslim countries have higher number of attacks. Panel Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique is used to examine the relationship among these variables and Per Capita GDP. Elevated correlation is found among number of attacks, killings and injured persons. However, the
correlation among per capita GDP and the other variables found negative. OLS findings as well show negative relationship among per capita GDP and number of attacks, killings and injured persons. With the increase in per capita GDP, terrorism will be minimized. Improvement in economic activity can reduce
terrorism outcomes particularly in developing countries.

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Published
2019-03-04
How to Cite
Tariq Hussain, and Muhammad Qasim. 2019. “A Comparative Analysis of Terrorism Among Muslim and Non-Muslim Countries in the Perspective of Economic Activity”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 9 (1), 52-68. https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/JITC/article/view/116.