Religion as a Pillar for Establishing a Civilization: al-Māwardī’s Perspective

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Fadi Zatari

Abstract

This study examines religion in terms of establishing and maintaining a civilization based on Abū al-Ḥasan al‑Māwardī’s (d. 1058) contribution, “Kitāb adab al‑dunyā wa-al-dīn.” In this paper, the central argument is that religion is a pillar for establishing and maintaining civilization. There are no possibilities for a civilization to be constituted and maintained without a central role for religion. I will elaborate on the meaning of religion from al‑Māwardī’s perspective and its role in constructing a civilization. This paper considers several religious notions and concepts proposed by al‑Māwardī for this purpose. For instance, ‘al‑Targhīb wa al‑Tarhīb’ (persuasion and intimidation) and al-ulfah (social affinity) indicate how religion can affect individual behaviors and actions and helps create and maintain civilization. As a methodology, this paper analyses al‑Māwardī’s contribution and compares it with significant contributions to civilization Studies. It concludes that a profound understanding of religion's role in any civilization gives a proper direction for understanding civilization and how religion can enhance and improve people's behavior and manners, which reflects positively on religion’s role in establishing and preserving a civilization. 

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How to Cite
Zatari, Fadi. 2021. “Religion As a Pillar for Establishing a Civilization: Al-Māwardī’s Perspective”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 11 (1). https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/JITC/article/view/1169.

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