Genesis of Muslim Culture and Co-Existence in Mughal Era

  • Dr. Rukhsana Iftikhar Department of History and Pakistan Studies University of the Punjab, Lahore
Keywords: Hindavi, kornish, langota, taslim, Ulbagcha

Abstract

Muslim rule in India (1526-1707) is considered a golden chapter in the history of the culture of this region. Muslims established the Mughal Empire in India which was contemporary to the Safavid Empire in Iran. Massive migration to India occurred due to the wealth and grandeur of the Mughal court. Mughals
transformed every sphere of the Indian culture. Their Central Asian background created an aroma in the native culture and with the amalgamation of two; Mughals gave new dimensions to Muslim civilization in India. The cultural aura of Mughals affected every sphere of Indian social life. New ways of dining were
introduced. Muslims established new industries of clothing and textile. New forms of beautification were launched. Cultural feasts and festivals were regularly celebrated. Music and dance touched the heights of glory. Royal painting studio laid new styles of Indian painting. This culture gave space to every community
to become its part. In the visual arts, the adaptation of local modes to the Mughal cultural environment involved a change of their ethos from religious devotion to secular entertainment. This paper focuses on the reinterpretation of Indian culture under the sway of Mughals. Every historian and scholar spells ink on the political and economic aspects of Indian history in medieval times. However, this work analyzes the cultural and social image of Muslim civilization which was developed under the policy of co-existence. Certain aspects of other cultures were also adopted by Mughal rulers under the policy of “Peace for All.”

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad, Nizamuddin. Tabaqāt-e-Akbari. London: I.C.S. Publishers, 1963.
Ashraf, K. M. Life and Condition of People of Hindustān. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1933.
Badaoni, Mulla Abdul Qadir. Muntakhib-ul-Tawārīkh. Vols. I, II, III. London: Haig Publications, 1925.
Bernier, François. Travels in the Mughal Empire. London: W. Pickering, 1954.
Beveridge, A. S., and Henry Roger. Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri- Memoirs of Jahangir. Degku: Munshi Ram
Manohar Lal, 2003.
Beveridge, A. S. Ain-i-Akbari. Vol. II and III. London: Hauylute Society, 1949.
Beveridge, A. S., Humayunama. Translated. London: 1902.
https://archive.org/stream/historyofhumayun00gulbrich/historyofhumayun00gulbrich_djvu.txt
Babur, Tuzuk-a-Babari. trans., A. S. Beveridge. London: Hauylute Society, 1922.
Chopra, P. N. Life and Letters under Mughals. Delhi: Aditya Parkashan, 1975.
Farooqi, Z. The Life and Times of Aurangzeb Alamgīr. Lahore: Book Traders, 2002.
Forster, William. Early Travels in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1921.
Hussain, Afzal. “Marriages among Mughal Nobles as an Index of Status and aristocratic integration.”
Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Vol. 33, 304-312. Delhi: 1971.
Jayasi, Malik Muhammad. Padma Vat. Delhi: PP Publishers, 1911.
Khan, Hussain. Shershah Suri. Lahore: Ferozsons, 1994.
Krynicki, Annie Krieger. Captive Princess; Daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb. Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2005.
Lanepole, Stainly. History of India. London: West Vintage Press, 1965.
Majumdar, R. C. The History and Culture of Indian People. London: G. Allien & Co, 1951.
Monserrate, J.S. The Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1922.
Moreland, W. H. India at the Death of Akbar. London: Vent Worth Press, 2016.
Ovington, J. A Voyage to Surat in the Year 1789. London: Hauylute Society, 1960.
Parsad, Beni. History of Jahangir. London: Indiana Press, 1930.
Pelsears, Francisco. Jahangir’s India: the Remonstrantie of Francisco Pelsaert. trans. W. H. Moreland and
P. Geyl, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1925.

54P. N. Chopra, Life and Letters under the Great Mughals (Delhi: Aditya Parkash, 1975), 258-263.
55Bernier, Travels in the Mughals Empire (India: Oxford University Press, 1914), 56.
56Hussain Khan, Sher Shah, op. cit., 54.
Roe, Sir Thomas. Travels in India in 17th Century. London: Turbner & Co., 1973.
Saksena, B. P. History of Shahjahan of Delhi. Delhi: Central Books, 1962.
Sarkar, J. N. Studies in Mughal India. Calcutta: N.D., 1919.
Seth, Vijay K. The Story of Indian Manufacturing, Encounter with Mughal and British Empire. Delhi: Ane
Books, 2017.
Tavernier, J. B. The Six Voyages Through Turkey in the Persia and East Indies. Paris: J Glosier, 1977.
Published
2019-03-04
How to Cite
Dr. Rukhsana Iftikhar. 2019. “Genesis of Muslim Culture and Co-Existence in Mughal Era”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 9 (1), 119-30. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc.91.08.