Al-Fatani's Perspectives on Islamic Family Law: Insights from Hidayah Al-Muta’allim Wa’Umdah Al-Muta’alim

Keywords: Daud Al-Fatani, culture, development, history, Islamic Family Law, Malaysia


Abstract Views: 0

The evolution of Islamic Family Law in Malaysia is a nuanced amalgamation of Malay customs, cultural influences, and Islamic jurisprudence. Rooted in the history of Malaya, the formation of current Islamic Family Law reflects the fusion of these elements. This study delves into  Daud Abdullah Al-Fatani's seminal work Hidayah Al-Muta’allim Wa’Umdah Al-Muta’alim, a pivotal contribution to Malaysian Islamic jurisprudence. Comparing Al-Fatani's insights with those of scholars from diverse schools of thought and contemporary Islamic Family Law enactments, the focus remains on key issues such as Zihār, Khiyar, and Nusyuz. The study reveals that Al-Fatani's perspectives transcend strict adherence to the Al-Shafi‘i school, while aligning with the Islamic Family Law (Federal Territories) Act 1984. His views on marriage dissolution and wife’s disobedience are influenced by Malay culture, while maintaining fidelity to the Qur’ān and Sunnah exemplified by his stance on Zihār. This resonates in Malaysia's current Islamic Family Law which is not rigidly bound to the Al-Shafi‘i school but intricately considers cultural conditions.


Download data is not yet available.


Ab Mutalib, Lukman, and Osama Ibraim Ayad Sawan. "Pengesahan Anak Tak Sah Taraf - Modul Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran Perundangan Syariah Menggunakan Metodologi Kajian Kes [Confirmation of Illegitimate Child Status - Teaching and Learning Module of Sharia Law Using Case Study Methodology]." Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law 11, no. 1 (2023): 154–69.

Abd Wakil, Muhammad Najib, and Che Maryam Ahmad. "The Historical Impact on the Valuation of Dowry (Mahr) Rate: Pre and Post-Colonial Eras in Johor." Ulum Islamiyyah 22 (2017): 11–20.

Abdullah, Muslihah Hasbullah, and Najibah Mohd Zin. "Historical Developments of Financial Rights after Divorce in the Malaysian Islamic Family Law." Asian Culture and History 1, no. 2 (2009): 148-57.

Abdullah, Raihana. "A Study of Islamic Family Law in Malaysia: A Select Bibliography." International Journal of Legal Information 35, no. 3 (2007): 514-36.

Akhtar, Rajnaara C. "Contemporary Issues in Marriage Law and Practice in Qatar." Hawwa 20, no. 1-2 (2020): 124-58.

Al-Jaziry, Abdurrahman. Al-Fiqhu Ala Madzahib Al-Arba‟Ah. Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah, 2003, 2003.

Al-Khin, Mistofa, Mustofa Al-Bugha, and Ali Asy-Syarbaji. Fiqhul Manhaji 'Ala Mazhabil Imam as-Syafie. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Salam, 2005, 2005.

Al-Zuhaili, Wahbah. Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Wa Adillatuhu. Syiria: Dar al-Fikr, 1985.

———. Nazariyyah Al-Darurah Al-Shariyyah: Muqaranah Ma‘ Al-Qanun Al-Wada’i. Damascus: Dar al-Fikr, 1997.

al Ghazali, Imam Abi Hamid Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Al-Wasit Fi Al-Madhhab. Bayrut: Dar al Kutub al 'Ilmiyyah, 2001.

Algarni, Malak A. M., Waleed A. Alqarni, Logain G. Alghanemi, Maryam M. Alnashri, Rand G. Alghanemi, and Nouf T. Mleeh. "Public Knowledge and Attitude toward Vitiligo in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study." Journal of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery 25, no. 2 (2021): 59-64.

Amer, Abdulrahman A. A., and Xing Hua Gao. "Quality of Life in Patients with Vitiligo: An Analysis of the Dermatology Life Quality Index Outcome over the Past Two Decades." International Journal of Dermatology 55, no. 6 (2016): 608-14.

Anṣārī, Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad. Fath Al-Wahhab Bi Sharh Manhaj Al-Tullab al-Tab'ah 1 ed. Bayrut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyah, 2012.

———. Tuḥfat Al-Ṭullāb Bi-Sharḥ Matn Taḥrīr Tanqīḥ Al-Lubāb Fī Fiqh Al-Imām Al-Shāfi‘Ī. al-Ṭab‘ah 1 ed. Bayrūt Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyah, 1997.

Asni, Fathullah. "The Development of Islam and Mazhab Al-Syafi'i during the Post-Arrival of Islam in the Malay Archipelago." International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 9, no. 3 (2019): 1196–209.

Bacik, Gokhan. "Hermeneutics in Contemporary Turkey: An Analysis of Turkish Historicists." Religions 12, no. 11 (2021): 1027.

Barwi, Normiwati Binti. "Njaum-Njaum as a Marriage Proposal of Kedayan’s Ethnic Perspective Sarawak Islam Family Law Ordinance 2001." Sakina: Journal of Family Studies 7, no. 3 (2023): 369-83.

Bradley, Francis R. "Sheikh Da'ud Al-Fatani's Munyat Al-Musalli and the Place of Prayer in 19th-Century Patani Communities." Indonesia and the Malay World 41, no. 120 (2013): 198-214.

Burhanudin, Jajat. "The Popularizing of Sunni Doctrine in Southeast Asia: Sifat Dua Puluh in Malay Kitab Jawi in the 19th Century." Jurnal Akidah & Pemikiran Islam 24, no. 2 (2022): 275-312.

———. "Two Islamic Writing Traditions in Southeast Asia: Kitab Jawi and Kitab Kuning with Reference to the Works of Da’ud Al-Fatani Dan Nawawi Al-Bantani." Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies 60, no. 1 (2022): 1-28.

De, Rohit. "Mumtaz Bibi's Broken Heart: The Many Lives of the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act." The Indian Economic & Social History Review 46, no. 1 (2009): 105-30.

Dony, J. F., J. Ahmad, and Y. Khen Tiong. "Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Leprosy, Sabah, Malaysia." Tuberculosis (Edinb) 84, no. 1-2 (2004): 8-18.

Faid, Muhamad Syazwan. "Algoritma Penentu-Sah Laporan Kenampakan Anak Bulan." UiTM Shah Alam, 2020.

Faid, Muhamad Syazwan, Mohd Saiful Anwar Mohd Nawawi, Mohd Hafiz Mohd Saadon, Nazhatulshima Ahmad, and Aizan Ali @ Mat Zin. "Islamic Historical Review on the Middle Age Lunar Crescent Visibility Criterion." Journal of Al-Tamaddun 17, no. 1 (2022): 109–25.

Ghani, Mariny Abdul. "Exploring Domestic Violence Experience from the Perspective of Abused Women in Malaysia." PhD, Loughborough University, 2014.

Haneef, Sayed Sikandar Shah. "Women and Malaysian Islamic Family Law: Towards a Women-Affirming Jurisprudential Reform." Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 33, no. 1 (2011): 47-60.

Ibrahim, M. A., M. N. Kordy, A. H. Aiderous, and A. Bahnassy. "Leprosy in Saudi Arabia, 1986-89." Leprosy Review 61, no. 4 (1990): 379-85.

Ilyas, M. "Lunar Crescent Visibility Criterion and Islamic Calendar." Quarterly Journal of Royal Astronomical Society 35 (1994): 425-61.

Jayalakshmi, P. "Factors Associated with Perceived Stigma among Community Members Living Close to Leprosy Centre in Malaysia." Global Journal of Public Health Medicine 3, no. 2 (2021): 396–408.

Jusuf, Nelva Karmila, Imam Budi Putra, and Dina Rizki Utami. "Quality of Life in Vitiligo Patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital Medan, Indonesia." Sumatera Medical Journal 1, no. 1 (2018): 41-48.

Meyer, Verena. "Translating Divinity: Punning and Paradox in Hamzah Fansuri’s Poetic Sufism." Indonesia and the Malay World 47, no. 139 (2019): 353-72.

Millington, George W. M., and Nick J. Levell. "Vitiligo: The Historical Curse of Depigmentation." International Journal of Dermatology 46, no. 9 (2007): 990-95.

Mohamad, Maznah. "Feminism and Islamic Family Law Reforms in Malaysia: How Much and to What Extent?". Asian Journal of Women's Studies 4, no. 1 (1998): 8-32

Mohamad, Mohamad Firdaus, Engku Ahmad Zaki Engku Alwi, and Ruhaizan Sulaiman. "Sumbangan Za’ba Terhadap Kesedaran Agama Islam Dan Pendidikan Di Kelantan Melalui Majalah Pengasuh Antara Tahun 1918 Hingga 1919 [Za'ba's Contribution to Islamic Religious Awareness and Education in Kelantan through the Magazine "Pengasuh" from 1918 to 1919]." Jurnal Islam dan Masyarakat Kontemporari 23, no. 3 (2022): 14-29.

Mohd, Azizah binti. "An Appraisal of the Application of Fiqh Al-Hanafi under Islamic Family Law (Federal Territories) Act 1984." IIUM Law Journal 27, no. 2 (2019): 317–36.

Mohd Shah, Mohd Faez, and Norhidayah Pauzi. "Metodologi Pengeluaran Fatwa Di Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri Johor [Methodology for Issuing Fatwas by the Fatwa Committee of Johor State]." Journal of Fatwa Management and Research 13, no. 1 (2018): 70-88.

Muhammed Othman, Muhammed Shareef "Reconciling Verses and Narratives in Zihar Judgment - Study and Analysis." Zanco Journal of Humanity Sciences 27, no. 2 (2023): 201-38.

Muniroh Ahdaniah, Dzurrotul, Sri Lumatus Sa’adah, and Muhammad Faisol. "Divorce Due to Apostasy (Study of Differing Decisions in Religious Courts)." Eduvest - Journal of Universal Studies 4, no. 3 (2024): 777-83.

Mushtaq, Sadia, Hafsah Ayaz Qureshi, Almees Jabbar, and Naila Mushtaq. "Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence in the Muslim Community of Pakistan and the Fundamental Religious Perspective of Islām (Sharī‘Ah)." Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences 5, no. 1 (2024): 351-62.

Mustapha, Ahmad Sharifuddin "Kitab Hidayah Al-Muta’allim Wa ’Umdah Al-Mu’allim Karangan Sheikh Daud Al-Fatani : Kajian Teks Dan Analisis [the Book of Guidance for the Learner and the Essence of the Teacher by Sheikh Daud Al-Fatani: A Study of Texts and Analysis]." PhD, University of Malaya, 2013.

Noor, Zanariah, and Nazirah Lee. "Dawud Al-Fatani’s Thoughts on Marriage in Īḍāḥu L-Bāb Li-Murīdi L-Nikāḥ Bi-L-Ṣawāb." Hawwa 21, no. 1 (2021): 1-35.

Nur Hastuti Bima, Putri, Maghfurrohman Muhammad, Zulkarnain Aaz Jidatul Haz, Zulkarnain, and Wathoni Lalu Muhammad Nurul. "Fulfillment of Wife and Children's Support: Comparison of Countries in Southeast Asia (Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam)." al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies 7, no. 1 (01/29 2024): 1178-97.

Peletz, Michael G. "Are Women Getting (More) Justice? Malaysia's Sharia Courts in Ethnographic and Historical Perspective." Law & Society Review 52, no. 3 (2024): 652-84.

———. "Crime Talk and Male Criminality: Ethnographic and Historical Perspectives on Malaysia, 1978-2018." Critical Asian Studies 55, no. 2 (2023): 235-60.

Qattea, I., A. Quatei, M. A. A. Farghaly, A. Abdalla, M. A. Mohamed, and H. Aly. "Hospital Factors Associated with the Survival of Infants Born at Periviable Gestation: The USA National Database." Children (Basel) 11, no. 1 (2024): 133.

Riza, Achmad Kemal. "Contemporary Fatawa of Nahdlatul Ulama: Between Observing the Madhhab and Adapting the Context." Journal of Indonesian Islam 5, no. 1 (2011): 35.

Rosele, Muhammad Ikhlas, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin, and Mohamad Zaim Isamail. "Al-Raniri’s Contributions in Hukm of Zakah in Malay Worlds." International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 8, no. 4 (2018): 876-89.

Saleh, Ibraheng, Asyraf Hj Ab Rahman, Nurul Huda Che Alias, and Firdaus Khairi Abdul Kadir. "Justice (Al-Adl) in Buying and Selling from Syeikh Daud Al-Fatani’s Perspective." International Journal Of Management 11, no. 6 (2020): 489-95.

Saleh, Muhammad Aunurrochim Mas’ad, Nik Rahim Nik Wajis, and Mualimin Mochammad Sahid. "Perwarisan Tanah Adat / Ulayat Di Indonesia Dan Malaysia Dalam Adat Perpatih : Satu Tinjauan Syarak [Inheritance of Customary/Ulayat Land in Indonesia and Malaysia under Adat Perpatih: A Shariah Perspective]." Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law 5 (2017): 1-17.

Samsudin, Mohd Syahmil, Nur Sarah Tajul Urus, Shahmi Awang, and Alias Azhar. "Implied Contributions for Jointly Acquired Property Based on Islamic Family Law in Malaysia." Linguistics and Culture Review 5, no. S4 (2021): 2326-40.

Sani, Amilda, Ris’an Rusli, and Dedi Kuswandi. "Kultur Masyarakat Melayu: Studi Etnografi Islam Melayu Nusantara Abad 18 [Malay Society Culture: An Ethnographic Study of Malay Islam in the Nusantara in the 18th Century]." Reslaj : Religion Education Social Laa Roiba Journal 6, no. 3 (2023): 1470-86.

Siraj, M. "Recent Changes in the Administration of Muslim Family Law in Malaysia and Singapore." International and Comparative Law Quarterly 17, no. 1 (1968): 221-32.

Sugitanata, Arif, and Siti Aminah. "Genealogy and Reform of Islamic Family Law: Study of Islamic Marriage Law Products in Malaysia." JIL: Journal of Islamic Law 3, no. 1 (2022): 94-110.

Wong, Su Ming, and Roshidah Baba. "Quality of Life among Malaysian Patients with Vitiligo." International Journal of Dermatology 51, no. 2 (2012): 158-61.

Zein, Fitriyani. "Kekerasan Dalam Perkawinan Dan Nusyuz Dalam Hukum Keluarga Di Turki, Malaysia, Sudan, Yordan Dan Indonesia [Domestic Violence and Nusyuz in Family Law in Turkey, Malaysia, Sudan, Jordan, and Indonesia]." SALAM: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Syar-i 4, no. 1 (2017): 121-36.

How to Cite
Mustapha, Ahmad Sharifuddin, Nur Zainatul Nadra Zainol, Che Adenan Mohammad, Mustapahayuddin Abdul Khalim, Nik Kamal Wan Muhammed, and Muhamad Syazwan Faid. 2024. “Al-Fatani’s Perspectives on Islamic Family Law: Insights from Hidayah Al-Muta’allim Wa’Umdah Al-Muta’alim”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 14 (1), 247-65.