Muslim -European Civilizational Encounters; French Colonization of Algeria Its Framework and Impacts on Algerian Society and Culture Section Articles

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Dr. Badrane Benlahcene

Abstract

The paper discusses the French colonization of Algeria, within the context of Muslim European civilizational encounters. It focuses more on the European colonization process in the world in general, and the so-called “mission civilisatrice” of French colonization of Algeria in particular. It takes the period from 1830 until 1962 as its interval of analysis, by analyzing the various changes that the colonizers brought to the Algerian society and people during their 132 years of colonization.


The paper found that the French Colonization of Algeria is one of the most violent, radical and hegemonic civilizational encounters between the Muslim world and Europe. Moreover, Algeria has experienced one of the severe processes of colonization, which affected all aspects of the Algerian natives’ lives, and the colonizers changed the structure of society and the social institutions as well as their cultural traditions, which experienced severe damage.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Dr. Badrane Benlahcene. 2020. “Muslim -European Civilizational Encounters; French Colonization of Algeria”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 10 (1), 24-45. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc.101.02.

References

‘Asli, Bassām. al-Jazā’ir Wa al-Ḥamalāt al-Ṣalībiyya. Beirut: Dār al-Nafā’is, 1980.
Barbour, Nevill. A Survey of North West Africa: The Maghrib. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.
Bennabi, Malek. Islam in History and Society. Translated by Asma Rashid. Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 1988.
Bennabi, Malek. Mudhakkirāt shāhid Li al-Qarn. Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 1985.
Bennabi, Malek. Shurūt al-Nahḍa. Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 1981.
Bennabi, Malek. Wijhat al-‘Ālam al-Islāmī. Damascus: Dar al-Fikr, 1989.
Bennoune, Mahfoud. The Making of Contemporary Algeria, 1830-1987. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Bourdieu, Pierre. The Algerians. Translated from French by Alan C.M Ross. Boston: Beacon Press, 1962.
Chanderli, Abdel Kader., and Salah Zaimeche. “Algeria.” In Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2019. https://www.britannica.com/place/Algeria
Chernow, Barbara Ann., and George A Vallasi. The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.
Confer, Vincent. France and Algeria: The Problem of Civil and Political Reform, 1870-1920. Syracuse: University Press, 1966.
Entelis, John P. Algeria: The Revolution Institutionalized. Boulder: Colorado: Westview Press, 1986,
Entelis, John P. Comparative Politics of North Africa. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1980.
Gallagher, Charles F. The United States and North Africa: Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.
Gilsenan, Michael. Recognizing Islam: Religion and Society in the Modern Arab World. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.
Gordon, David C. Images of the West; Third World Perspectives. Totova, New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1989.
Grunebaum, Gustave Von. Modern Islam: The Search for Cultural Identity. New York: Random House, 1964.
Habermas, Jurgen. “Modernity: An Unfinished Project.” In Habermas and the Unfinished Project of Modernity. Edited by Maurizio Passerin D’entreves and Syela Benhabib. Massachusetts: Polity Press, 1996.
Harik, Elsa M. “The Civilizing Mission of France in Algeria.” In Elsa M. Harik and Donald G. Schilling. The Politics of Education in Colonial Algeria and Kenya. Athens: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1984.
Hegel, W. F. The Philosophy of History. Translated by J. Sibree. New York: Dover Publications, Inc, 1956.
Huntington, Samuel P. "The West Unique, Not Universal." Foreign Affairs 75, No.6 (1996): 28-46.
Jundī, Anwar. al-Fikr Wa al-Thaqāfa al-Mu‘aṣira Fī Shamāl Ifrīqiyya. Cairo: al-Dār al-Qawmiyya, 1965.
Khatīb, Sulaiman. Falsafat al-Ḥaḍāra ‘Inda Malek Bennabi. 1st ed. Herndon: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1993.
Kohn, Margaret and Reddy, Kavita. "Colonialism." In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edited by Edward N. Zalta. Fall 2017 Edition. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2017/entries/colonialism.
Loomba, Ania. Colonialism / Postcolonialism. London: Routledge, 1998.
Mauro, Frederic. L’expansion Europienne (1600-1870). 3rd ed. Paris: Presses Universitaires De France, N.D.
McNeill, William. The Expansion of the West: A History of the Human Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.
Metz Helen Chapin (ed). Algeria: A Country Study. Washington: Federal Research Division, 1994.
Mīlī, Muḥammad. “al-Jazā’ir Wa al-Mas’ala al-Thaqāfiyya.” al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arabī 5, no. 45 (1982).
Morel, John J. Algeria: The Topography and History, Political, Social and Natural of French Algeria. London: Milford House, 1845.
Prochaska, David. Making Algeria French. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought. The Qur’an A new English Translation of its Meanings. Amman: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, 2008.
Sa’adallah, Abulqasim. T ārīkh al-Jazā’ir al-Thaq āfi. 1st ed. Bierut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1988.
Saḥmarānī, As‘ad. Malek Bennabi Mufakkiran Iṣlāḥiyyan. Beirut: Dār al- Nafā’is. 1986.
Sonn, Tamara. Between Qur’ān and Crown. Oxford: Westview Press, 1990.
Southworth, Constant. The French Colonial Venture. London: P. S. King and Son, Ltd, 1931.
Tayeb, Salah El-Din El-Zein. “The ‘Ulama and Islamic Renaissance in Algeria.” The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 6, no. 2 (1989).
Turkī, Rābaḥ. “Aḍwā’ ‘Alā T‘arīb al-Tarbiyya Wa al-Idāra Wa al-Muḥīṭ Fī al-Jazā’ir.” al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arabī 11, no. 57 (1983): 86-90.
Woddis, Jack. An Introduction to Neo-Colonialism. New York: International Publishers, 1980.