Impact of Qur’ān upon Aesthetics and its Evolution A Religio-Cultural Discourse Section Articles

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Muḥammad Ashfaq
Dr. Manzoor Aḥmad Al Azhari

Abstract

This paper intends to know how Qur’ānic Scripture influenced prevailing values of art and aesthetics with an exclusive Islamic worldview and contribution. It is an important aspect of Islamic civilization which may be studied from the very beginning of Islamic history along with later developments examining critically various characteristics of Islamic aesthetics. Employing analytical method, we came to know Qur’ānic Scripture as a precursor of Islamic aesthetics and raison d'être for Islamic culture and civilization. It functions as super hand in the Islamic cultural ingredient changing ideas and thought totally or partially ameliorating prevailing social standards. This discourse makes it clear that the Islamic foundation of aesthetics is one of the contemporary matter of the Prophetic era. By dint of this study, one may become familiar with the concept that how art and aesthetics were welcomed, customized, innovated and transferred after their infiltration as per Islamic norms inculcating values. Islamic civilization warmly welcomed to any alien sorts of aesthetic reflection trimming its irrelevancy off in the light of Tawḥīd showing harmony exercising within its own domain, identity and unique weltanschauung. Hence, Qur’ānic Scripture vis-à-vis Islamic aesthetics has self-explanatory evidences of its origin, distinctive historical promotion and its identity in different cultural diversity.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Muḥammad Ashfaq, and Dr. Manzoor Aḥmad Al Azhari. 2020. “Impact of Qur’ān Upon Aesthetics and Its Evolution”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 10 (1), 212-34. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc.101.12.

References

Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān bin ‘Ash‘ath bin ‘Isḥāq Al-Sijistānī. Ṣunan Abī Dawūd. Vol.1. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr 2009.
‘Abdullah, Dr Syed Muḥammad, et al., Urdu Dā’ira Ma‘āraf-i Islāmī. Lahore: Punjab University, 1980.
‘Afīfī, Abū al-‘Ulā. The Mystical Philosophy of Ibn al-Arabī. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1939.
Ahmad Ridzwan Othman, et al., “The Importance of Acoustic Design in the Mosques towards the Worshipers.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 234 (2016): 45-54.
Ali, Wijdan. The Arab Contribution to Islamic Art: From the Seventh to the Fifteenth Centuries.
Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 1999.
‘Alī, Abdulrahim. Iba Der Thiam and Yusof A. Talib. The Different Aspects of the Islamic Culture Vol 6. Beirut-Lebanon: UNESCO Printing, 2016.
Armstrong, Karen. A History of God: The 4000 year Quest of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. London: Random House Publishing Group, 1993.
Asad, Muḥammad. Islam at the Crossroads. Gibraltar: Dār al-Andalus, 1982.
Al-‘Asqalānī Aḥmad bin ‘Alī bin Ḥajr. Bulūgh al-Marām min Adillat aI-Aḥkām. Saudia Arabia: Dār al-Qabs, 2014.
Audi, Robert. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. 2nd Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995/1999.
Azzam, Khaled. The Universal Principles of Islamic Art. http://www.khaledazzam.net/architecture-tradition/universal-principles-of-islamic-art.php
Bālbakī, Dr Rūhī, Al-Mawārid. Beirut Lebanon: Dār al-‘Ilm lil Malayīn, 2006.
Baldick, Chris. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Brown, Frank Burch. Religious Aesthetics: A Theological Study of Making and Meaning. London: Macmillan, 1990.
Al-Bukhārī, Abū Abdullāh Muḥammad bin Ismā‘īl bin Ibrāhīm bin Mughaira. Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī. Trans by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan Saudia Arabia: Maktaba Dār al-Salām, 1997.
Burckhardt, Titus. Moorish Culture in Spain. Lahore: Suhail Academy, 1997.
Deutsch, Eliot., and Ron Bontekoe. A Companion to World Philosophies. John Wiley and Sons, Blackwell Publishers, 1997.
Draper, John William. History of the Conflict between Religion and Science. New York: D. Appleton and Company Broadway, 1875.
Du Pasquier, Roger. Unveiling Islam. Trans from French to English by T.J Winter. Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2001.
Dutton, Denis. The Art Instinct. Beauty, Pleasure and Human Evolution. New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2009.
Al-Fārūqī, Isma‘īl Rājī. The Art of Islamic Civilization. London: International Institute of Islamic Thought IIIT, 2013.
Faste, Rolf A. “The Role of Aesthetics in Engineering,” Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers JSME Journal (Winter, 1995), http://www.haakonfaste.com/fastefoundation/publications/the_role_of_aesthetics.pdf
Al-Ghazālī, Muḥammad. The Socio Political Thoughts of Shāh Walī Ullah. Islamabad: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2001.
Grabar, Oleg. Islamic Art and Beyond: Constructing the Study of Islamic Art. Vol.3. England: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2006.
Ḥanash, Id’hām Muḥammad. The Theory of Islamic Art: Aesthetic Concepts and Epistemic Structure. Trans Nancy Roberts. London, Islamic Institute of Islamic Thought 2017.
Hofmann, Murad, Islam the Alternative. Pakistan: Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2000.
Ibn Āshūr, Muḥammad al-Ṭāhir. Al-Taḥrīr wa al-Tanvīr. Vol., 27 Tunis: Dār al-Tunisia, 1984.
Ibn Ḥibbān, Muḥammad bin ‘Aḥmad Abū Ḥātim al-Bustī. Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn-Ḥibbān Vol.4. Beirut: Mawassisah al-Risāla, 1993.
Ibn Mājah, Abū ‘Abdullāh Muḥammad bin Yazīd bin ‘Abdullāh al-Rab‘ī al- Qazvīnī. Sunan Ibn Mājah. Egypt: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Kutab al-‘Arabīah, 2010.
Ibn Manzūr, Muḥammad bin Mukarram bin ‘Alī bin Aḥmad. Lisān al-‘Arab. Vol-11 Beirut: Dār al-Ṣadir, 1414AH.
Ibn Taimiyah, Taqī al-Dīn Aḥmad bin ‘Abdul Ḥalīm. Mamjū‘ al-Fatāwā. Saudia Arabia: Majma‘ al-Malak Fahd, 1995.
Khaghani, Saeid. Islamic Architecture in Iran. New York: I.B Tauris & Co. Ltd, 2017.
Kermani, Navid, God is Beautiful: The Aesthetic Experience of the Quran, trans. Tony Crawford. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2015.
Lings, Martin. and Clinton Minnar. The Underlying Religion, an Introduction to the Perennial Philosophy. Indiana: World Wisdom Bloomington 2007.
Mahmoud, Samir. “Beauty and Aesthetics in Classical Islamic Thought: An Introduction.” Kalam Journal of Islamic Theology UAE Abu Dhabi 1, (2018), https://journal.kalamresearch.com/beauty-and-aesthetics-in-classical-islamic-thought/
Al-Muslim, Abul Hussain Muslim bin al-Hajjāj. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. trans by Nasiruddin al-Khattab Riyadh: Maktaba Dār al-Salām, 2007.
Nāṣir, Dr Naṣīr Aḥmad. Jamāliyāt: Qur’ān kī Rawshanī Mēṇ. [Aesthetics in the Light of Qur’ān] Karachi: Infāq Foundation July, 2002.
___________. Tafsīr Ḥusn-i Qur’ān. Vol. 2. Lahore: Ferozsons Limited, 1998.
Naṣr, Syed Ḥussain, An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrine. Great Britain: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1978.
___________. In Search of Sacred: In Search of the Sacred: A Conversation with Seyyed Hossein Nasr on his Life and Thought. Praeger: Santa Barbara, 2010.
___________. A Young Muslin Guide to the Modern World. Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2004.
Nasrollahi, Fatemeh. “Transcendent Soul of the Muslim Architect and Spiritual Impact of the Islamic Architecture: Islamic Architecture and Mundus Imaginal.” Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture, 3, no. 2 (December 2015): 86-99. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0005/c9e81a024ba65b999d7b1a5534141f952254.pdf
Necipoglu, Gulru, The Top Kapi Scroll, Geometry and Ornament in Islamic Architecture. Santa Monica: Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, 1995.
Omer, Dr. Spahic. “Islamic Architecture and the Prospect of its Revival Today.” Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization. 1, no. 2, (Fall 2011): 1103-121.
Rice, D. Talbot. Islamic Art. London: Thames and Hudson, 1975.
Al-Sha‘rāwī, Muḥammad Matwalī. Tafsīr al-Sha‘rāwī Egypt: Islamic Research Academy al-Azhar, 1991.
Al-Ṭabrānī, Abū ‘l-Qāsim Sulaymān bin Aḥmad. Al-Du‘ā’ lil-Ṭabrānī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutab al-Ilmīyyah, 1413.
Al-Tirmidhī, Muḥammad bin ‘Isā. Sunan al-Tirmadhī. Cairo: Maktabah Musṭafa al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī
1975.
Townsend, Dabney. Historical Dictionary of Aesthetics. Oxford: Scarecrow Press, 2006.
Yūsuf ‘Alī, ‘Abdullah. The Holy Qur’ān: Arabic Text English Translation and Commentary. Lahore: Ashraf Printing Press, 2006.