Prospects of Morality-Based Education in the 21st Century

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Ildus Rafikov
Elmira Akhmetova
Osman Erdem Yapar

Abstract

This article proposes to re-focus education towards morality and universal values, which have always been the traditional aim of education. This paper is designed using a qualitative research method applying content analysis to textual and video materials from a historical and contemporary perspectives. The paper demonstrates morality problems of the current mainstream education systems and how alternative systems are better equipped to inculcate values. It is observed that trans-disciplinary, problem-based and religious education helps build stronger ethical foundation in students regardless of their geographical location or income levels. The article proposes for schools and universities to include community engagement programmes in their curricula, support religious communities through special programmes, and promote values education at all levels not through academic subjects but through studies, research and development of real-life application of ethics at local and international levels. The paper adds value to existing research on ethics and values-based education and calls for further research in the field of education. It is also relevant to policy makers and researchers in public policy disciplines.morality-based education, trans-disciplinary approach, holistic education, universal values, ethics, alternative education

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Rafikov, Ildus, Elmira Akhmetova, and Osman Erdem Yapar. 2021. “Prospects of Morality-Based Education in the 21st Century”. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization 11 (1). https://journals.umt.edu.pk/index.php/JITC/article/view/730.

References

Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by Roger Crisp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Retrived April 18, 2020. https://archive.org/details /aristotlenicomacheanethicsoup_380_O/page/n3/mode/2up
Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. Islam and Secularism. Kuala Lumpur: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilisation, 1993.
Brady, Norman. “From 'Moral Loss' to 'Moral Reconstruction'? A Critique of Ethical Perspectives on Challenging the Neoliberal Hegemony in UK Universities in the 21st Century.” Oxford Review of Education 38 (3) (2012): 343-355.
Dewey, John. Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1916.
—. The School and Society. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1900.
Dewey, John., and Evelyn Dewey. Schools of To-morrow. New York: E.P. Dutton and Company, 1915.
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Translated by Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 2005.
Helliwell, John F., Richard Layard, and Jeffrey D. Sachs. World Happiness Report. New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network, 2018. http://worldhappiness.report
Howard, Robert W. “Preparing Moral Educators in an Era of Standards-Based Reform.” Teacher Education Quarterly, 32 (4) (2005): 43-58.
Hummel, Charles. “Aristotle (384-322BC).” Prospects: The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education (UNESCO: International Bureau of Education), 23 (1/2) (1993): 39-51. Retrieved April 18, 2020. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites /default/files/aristote.pdf
International Baccalaureate. “The History of the IB.” International Baccalaureate, 2017. Retrieved July 8, 2019. https://ibo.org/globalassets/digital-tookit/presentations/1711-presentation-history-of-the-ib-en.pdf
—. “What is an IB Education?” International Baccalaureate, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2019. https://ibo.org/globalassets/what-is-an-ib-education-2017-en.pdf
Istoriya youtube channel. “Tayna Semeynoy Zhizni Pedagoga Makarenko.” June 20, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swQGr3f2Zdk
Lewis, Harry R. Excellence Without a Soul: Does Liberal Education Have a Future? Public Affairs, 2007.
Lillard, Angeline S. “Shunned and Admired: Montessori, Self-Determination, and a Case for Radical School Reform.” Educational Psychology Review (2019): 1-27. Retrieved July 2, 2019. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10648-019-09483-3
Lillard, Angeline., and Nicole Else-Quest. “Evaluating Montessori Education.” Science 313: 1893-1894, 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2019. http://www.montessori-science.org/Science_Evaluating_Montessori_Education_Lillard.pdf
n.a. “Makarenko Biography.” Makarenko Anton Semyonovich. Retrieved April 19, 2020. http://www.makarenko.edu.ru/biography.htm
Al-Naqib, Abd Al-Rahman. “Avicenna.” Prospects: The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education (UNESCO: International Bureau of Education). XXIII (1/2) (1993): 53-69. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/avicenne.pdf
Niemi, Hannele. “The Societal Factors Contributing to Education and Schooling in Finland.” Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. Edited by Hannele Niemi, Auli Toom and Arto Kallioniemi, 19-37. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2012.
OECD. PISA 2015 Results: Policies and Practices for Successful Schools, Volume II. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2016. Retrieved June 27, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787 /9789264267510-en
Rayburn, Carol A. “Assessing Students for Morality Education: A New Role for School Counselors.” Professional School Counseling, 7 (5) (2004): 356-362.
Rosenthal, Franz. Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Sardar, Ziauddin., and Jeremy Henzell-Thomas. Rethinking Reform in Higher Education: From Islamization to Integration of Knowledge. London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2017.
Shakeel, M. Daneesh. “Islamic Schooling in the Cultural West: A Systematic.” Religions 9, 2018. doi:10.3390/rel9120392.
Sliwka, Anne. “The Contribution of Alternative Education.” Innovating to Learn, Learning to Innovate, by OECD, 93-112. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2008. doi: https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264047983-en
Al-Talbi, Ammar. “Al-Farabi.” Prospects: The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education (UNESCO: International Bureau of Education). XXIII (1/2) (1993): 353-372. Retrieved April 20, 2020. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/farabie.pdf
Vitikka, Erja., Leena Krokfors, and Elisa Hurmerinta. “The Finnish National Core Curriculum: Structure and Development.” Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. Edited by Hannele Niemi, Auli Toom and Arto Kallioniemi, 83-95. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2012.