The current study analyses Bediuzzaman Said Nursi’s life and contributions. It presents a short description of his early life, education and dissatisfaction with the then prevailing education systems. This is followed by an analysis of his intellectual development due to rapidly changing circumstances. The paper also presents an insight into Nursi’s representative work ‘Risale-i Nur’ through an analysis of its structure and methodology. This is significant because his intellectual development, due to changes in his circumstances, played an instrumental role in determining the style, method and objectives of Risale. Hence, the study of his intellectual development is imperative to understand the objectives of Risale. The findings of the paper revealed that Nursi’s approach to reform the Muslim society was not stagnant. In the ‘Old Said’ phase, he attempted to neutralize the decline in Muslim community through sociopolitical reforms. The ‘New Said’ phase was marked by his efforts to strengthen belief, encounter anti-religious ideologies and detachment from politics. In the ‘Third Said’ phase, he again took interest in sociopolitical matters but it was limited to the theoretical realm with no practical involvement. The study also found that the structure of Risale, its treatment of subjects and its methodology are its distinguishing features. It consists of the elements well-suited to the needs of the time to save Islamic belief against the onslaught of atheistic ideologies. The current research was conducted using the qualitative approach. It is beneficial for academia in understanding the intellectual development of this great 20th century Turkish Muslim scholar.
Algar, Hamid. "Said Nursi and the Risala i Nūr an Aspect of Islam in Contemporary Turkey." In Islamic Perspectives: Studies in Honour of Mawlana Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi, edited by Khurshid Ahmad and Zafar Ishaq Ansari, 313-33. U.K: The Islamic Foundation, 1979.
Aydin, Necati. Said Nursi and Science in Islam: Character Building through Nursi’s Mana-I Harfi. New York: Routledge, 2019.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "Tanzimat." Accessed August 20, 2016, https://www.britannica.com/event/Tanzimat.
Mardin, Serif. "Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1873-1960): The Shaping of a Vocation." In Religious Organization, edited by J. Davis, 75-79. London: Academic Press, 1982.
—. Religion and Social Change in Modern Turkey: The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Albany: SUNY Press, 1989.
Majeed, Shumaila. "Bediuzzaman Said Nursi’s Approach to Reconstruction of Muslim Society; An Analytical Study." PhD diss., University of the Punjab, 2018.
Mermer, Ali. "Aspects of Religious Identity: The Nurcu Movement in Turkey Today." PhD diss., University of Durham, 1985.
Nursi, Bediuzzaman Said. Al-Mathnawi Al-Nuri Seedbed of the Light. Translated by Huseyin Akarsu. New Jersey: The Light, 2007
—. Emirdag Letters. Translated by Sukran Vahide. Istanbul: Sozler, 2016.
—.. The Flashes. Translated by Sukran Vahide. Istanbul: Sozler, 2010.
—. The Letters. Translated by Sukran Vahide. Istanbul: Sozler, 2010.
—. The Words. Translated by Sukran Vahide. Istanbul: Sozler, 2010.
Poyraz, Serdar. "Science Versus Religion: The Influence of European Materialism on Turkish Thought, 1860-1960 ." PhD diss., The Ohio State University, 2010.
Turner, Colin, and Hasan Horkuc. Makers of Islamic Civilization: Said Nursi. London: I.B.Tauris, 2009.
Turner, Colin. The Qur'ān Revealed: A Critical Analysis of Said Nursi's Epistles of Light. Germany: Gerlach Press, 2013.
Vahide, Sukran. "A Brief Look at Bediuzzaman Said Nursi's Life, the Risale-i-Nūr, and the Flashes Collection." In The Flashes, 479-485. Istanbul: Sozler, 2010.
—. "A Chronology of Said Nursi’s Life. " In Islam at the Crossroads, on the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, edited by Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi, xvii-xxiv. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003.
—. "About the Risale i Nūr the Words and Their Author." In The Words. 803-808. Istanbul: Sozler, 2006.
—. "Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and the Risale-i Nūr." In Globalization, Ethics and Islam: The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, edited by Ian Markham and Ibrahim Ozdemir, 3-35. England: Ashgate, 2005.
—. "Bediuzzaman Said Nursi’s Approach to Religious Renewal and its Impact on Aspects of Contemporary Turkish Society." In The Blackwell Companion to Contemporary Islamic Thought, edited by Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi, 55-74. USA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
—. Islam in Modern Turkey: An Intellectual Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Albany: SUNY Press, 2012.
—. The Author of the Risale-I Nur: Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Istanbul: Sozler Publications, 2010.
—. "The Book of the Universe: Its Place and Development in Bediuzzaman’s Thought." In Fourth International Symposium on Bediuzzaman Said Nursi A Contemporary Approach to understanding the Quran The Example of the Risale-I Nur. Istanbul: Sozler, 1998.
—. "The Life and Times of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi." The Muslim World 89 (1999): 208-44.
—. "Toward an Intellectual Biography of Said Nursi." In Islam at the Crossroads: On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, edited by Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi, 1-32. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003.
Yavuz, M. Hakan. Islamic Political Identity in Turkey. New York: Oxford university press, 2003.