Serial Verb Constructions (SVCs) in Nzema: A Descriptive Analysis
This paper discusses the serial verb constructions (SVCs) in Nzema, a Southern Bia (Kwa) language. It draws on some of the characteristics and properties surveyed in the literature, such as subject/object sharing, tense, aspect, and negation. Moreover, it also discusses the types and functions of SVCs in Nzema and analyses the notions of tense, aspect, and polarity, as well as how they are marked in Nzema SVCs. Most of the data used in the analysis was taken from the daily conversations of native speakers. Four native speakers of Nzema acted as respondents in this study. It shows that Nzema SVCs are of the types explored in the literature as clause chaining, integrated, and “concordial”. Serial verb patterns are used to add the argument, such as an instrument or a beneficiary. Future markers appear before the verbs, while past markers occur after the verbs. In the same vein, progressive aspect markers occur before the verbs. Moreover, tense and aspect marking is repeated on all the verbs in the series. Regarding argument sharing, the object is shared only when the verbs in the series are transitive.
Keywords: argument sharing, clause chaining serialization, concordial serial verb, integrated serial verb construction, serial verbs
Cross- Linguistic Typology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (1999). Serial constructions and verb compounding, Evidence from
Tariana (North Arawak), Studies in language, 23(3), 469-497.
Appah, Clement KI. (2009). The representation of ISVC in C and F structures of LFG: A
proposal. Retrieved, www.skase.sk>JTL13>pdf_doc
Ameka, Felix, K. (2006). Ewe serial verb constructions in their grammatical context. In A.Y.
Aikhenvald, & Dixon, Robert MW. (Eds.), Serial verb constructions: A cross-linguistic
typology (pp. 124-143). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Baker, M. (1989). Object Sharing and Projection in Serial Verb Constructions. Linguistic
Inquiry, 20, 513-553.
Bodomo, Adams B. (1997). Exploring the syntax and semantics of complex verbal predicate in
Dagaare and other Languages. (Doctorial dissertation) Path and Pathfinders, NTNU,
Collins, C. (1993). Topics in Ewe Syntax. (Doctorial dissertation) MIT. Cambridge.
Durie, M. (1988). Verb Serialization and "Verbal Prepositions" in Oceanic Languages.
Oceanic Linguistics, 27, 1-23.
Enoku Ɛzenrane, N. (1992). Ɛbɛlalekonle. Accra: Bureau of Ghana Languages.
Foley, W. & Olson, Mike. 1985. Clausehood and Verb Serialization. In J. Nichols and A
Woodbury (Eds.). Grammar inside and Outside the Clause (pp. 17-60). Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Hale, K. (1988). Misumalpan Verb Sequencing Constructions. Mit. Retrieved,
Kari, Ethelbert E. (2003). Serial Verb Constructions in Degema, Nigeria. African Study
Monographs, 24(4), 271-289. Retrieved, www.jambo.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp>abstracts>pdf
Kilian-Hatz, C. (2006). Serial verb constructions in Khwe. In A.Y. Aikhenvald, & Dixon, Robert
MW. (Eds.), Serial verb constructions: A cross-linguistic typology (pp. 108-123). Oxford, UK:
Oxford University Press.
Kwaw, Ehoma F. (2008). Nzema Aneεmεla Tagyee Ne. Unpublished Material.
Lee, S. (1992). The Syntax and Semantics of Serial Verb Constructions. (Doctorial dissertation).
University of Washington.
Noonan, M. (1992). A grammar of Lango. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Osam, Emmanuel K. (1994a). From Serial Verbs to preposition and the road between. In sprach
Typologie and Universalienforschung, 47(1), 16-36.
Osam, Emmanuel. K. (1994b). Aspect of Akan Grammar – A Functional Perspective. (Doctorial
dissertation). University of Oregon, Eugene.
Sahoo, K. (2001). Oriya verb morphology and complex verb constructions. (Doctorial
dissertation). Paths and Pathfinders, NTNU, Trondheim.
Schachter, P. (1974). A non-transformational account of serial verbs. Studies in African
Linguistics, Suppl, 5, 253-270.
Šefčovič , T. (2015). Serial verb Constructions. (Bachelors thesis). Retrieved,
Soboh-Blay, A. (1977). Nyamenle asa ɛnlomboɛ ne. Accra: Bureau of Ghana Languages.
Williamson, K. (1989). The Niger-Congo overview. In (J. Bendor-Samuel, ed.) The Niger-
Congo Languages, 3-46. University Press of America, Lanham.
Yin, H. (2015). English and Mandarin Serial or Non-serial Verb Constructions. International
Journal of Language and Linguistics, 2(2), 39-47.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.