Lexical Stylistics Analysis of Surah Ar-Rehman and its Urdu Translation

  • Maryam Alvi Riphah International University, Lahore
  • Tahir Ghafoor Malik Riphah International University, Lahore
Keywords: Foregrounding, Lexical Stylistics, Parallelism, Surah Ar-Rahman


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Like all other religious scriptures, the Holy Quran is a sacred book written in Arabic language and read worldwide by people of diverse languages. Moreover, the Holy Quran has also been translated into multiple languages by numerous scholars to cater the needs of its readers. The translations of Quran into diverse languages have employed various methods, ranging from word-to-word translation to interpreting the text's meaning. Multiple translations of Quran are available in Urdu language as well. While, initially, style was not a significant consideration when translating a text into another language, the relationship between stylistics and translation has gained recognition worldwide in recent times. The current study aimed to conduct a stylistic analysis of Surah Ar-Rahman along with its Urdu translation, focusing on lexical stylistics, to explore the similarity in style between the original text and its translation. Surah Ar-Rahman was purposefully selected for this study due to its aesthetic and stylistic profundity. The Urdu translation by Hafiz Salahuddin Yousuf was chosen based on an oral survey conducted beforehand. Among various aspects of stylistics, the current research delved into lexical stylistics, specifically examining lexical parallelism. This qualitative and exploratory research first analyzed the Arabic text for instances of lexical parallelism, followed by an analysis of its Urdu translation. The findings were then compared to identify the retained features and those lost in translation. The results revealed that the lexical parallelism features present in the original text were mostly retained by the translator, with occasional instances where repetition led to the omission of certain words in the translation. The current study further reinforced the notion that translation can never fully replicate the original text, as the style and stylistic features of the original text are inherently challenging to be translated entirely.


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How to Cite
Alvi, M., & Malik, T. G. (2024). Lexical Stylistics Analysis of Surah Ar-Rehman and its Urdu Translation. Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.32350/jcct.62.04