Context focused therapy is a new interventional approach that is used for the rehabilitation of children. This novel treatment approach concentrates on altering the factors in the child’s tasks and surroundings instead of treating the impairment of the child. This approach works using the primary therapist model that cooperates with the caregivers to identify the tasks that the child has to learn. The therapist then starts to modify the tasks and the environment, accordingly. The modifications applied on the tasks and/or the surroundings allow the child to do activities that they were incapable of doing earlier. The aim of this review is to discuss the concept of context focused therapy, its theoretical background, its principles and treatment protocol, and to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach.