Frequency of Vernal Kerato-conjunctivitis (VKC) and its Complications in Patients Presenting at District Headquarter Hospital, Sheikhupura

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Usman Ayub Awan
Muhammad Awais Asghar
Amina Muqaddas
Kiran Iftikhar
Shehrish Kamran
Musa Ali Irfani
Mishel Zainab

Abstract

Vernal Kerato-conjunctivitis (VKC) is an allergic illness that affects the eyes and causes the inflammation of conjunctiva, which is commonly bilateral. If left untreated, it may lead to serious consequences such as redness, stinging, and watering of the eyes, resulting from papillae, Horner-Trantas spots, and punctate epithelial lesions. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of VKC in the Out-Patient Department (OPD) of Ophthalmology at the District Headquarter Hospital, Sheikhupura. VKC was diagnosed in 40 individuals between May and June of 2021. The majority of them were young men who were less than 20 years old. Indeed, it was found that VKC is more prevalent in children and men. Around 57.5% of children in our study were boys, whereas 42.5% were girls. Almost every single one of them was less than twenty years of age. Among the various age groups, it was found that the age group (6-10 years, n=18) had the highest prevalence of VKC cases, followed by the age group (n=11) (1-5 years). To prevent patients from developing illness consequences that negatively impact their quality of life, VKC must be handled promptly and with diligent follow-up. To conclude, the current study found that VKC in Pakistan follows a pattern similar to other tropical nations, with male predominance and higher prevalence during infancy and puberty. 

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Awan, U. A., Asghar, M. A., Amina Muqaddas, Kiran Iftikhar, Shehrish Kamran, Musa Ali Irfani, & Mishel Zainab. (2022). Frequency of Vernal Kerato-conjunctivitis (VKC) and its Complications in Patients Presenting at District Headquarter Hospital, Sheikhupura. BioScientific Review, 4(3), 18-28. https://doi.org/10.32350/BSR.43.01

References

Alemayehu AM, Yibekal BT, Fekadu SA. Prevalence of vernal keratoconjunctivitis and its associated factors among children in Gambella town, southwest Ethiopia, June 2018. PLoS One. 2019;14(4):e0215528. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215528

Saboo US, Jain M, Reddy JC, Sangwan VS. Demographic and clinical profile of vernal keratoconjunctivitis at a tertiary eye care center in India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2013;61(9):486-489. https://doi.org/10.4103/0301-4738.119431

Akinsola F, Sonuga A, Aribaba O, Onakoya A, Adefule-Ositelu A. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis at Guinness Eye Centre, Luth (a five year study). Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2008;18(1):1-4. https://doi.org/10.4314/nqjhm.v18i1.44945

Kumar S. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis: a major review. Acta Ophthalmol. 2009;87(2):133-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-3768.2008.01347.x

Duke RE, Odey F, De Smedt S. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in public primary school children in Nigeria: prevalence and nomenclature. Epidemiol Res Int. 2016;2016:1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9854062

Zicari A, Capata G, Nebbioso M, et al. Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis: an update focused on clinical grading system. Ital J Pediatr. 2019;45(1):1-6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0656-4

Hayilu D, Legesse K, Lakachew N, Asferaw M. Prevalence and associated factors of vernal keratoconjunctivitis among children in Gondar city, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Ophthalmol. 2016;16(1):1-6.

Chenge B, Makumyamviri A, Kaimbo W, Kaimbo D. Tropical endemic limbo-conjunctivitis in Lúbumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol. 2003;(290):9-16.

Khan M, Kundi N, Saeed N. A Study of 530 cases of vernal conjunctivitis form the North Western Frontier Province of Pakistan. Pak J Opthalmol. 1986;(2):111-114.

Resnikoff S, Cornand G, Filliard G, Hugard L. Limbal vernal conjunctivitis in the tropics. Rev Int Trachome. 1988;65(3-4):21-72.

Shaikh A, Ovais S. The morbidity of vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Pak J Ophthalmol. 2001;3(17):86-89.

Leonardi A, Busca F, Motterle L, et al. Case series of 406 vernal keratoconjunctivitis patients: a demographic and epidemiological study. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2006;84(3):406-410. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0420.2005.00622.x

Lambiase A, Minchiotti S, Leonardi A, et al. Prospective, multicenter demographic and epidemiological study on vernal keratoconjunctivitis: a glimpse of ocular surface in Italian population. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2009;16(1):38-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/09286580802573177

Tabbara KF. Ocular complications of vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Can J Ophthalmol. 1999;34(2):88-92.
Ukponmwan CU. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in Nigerians: 109 consecutive cases. Trop Doc. 2003;33(4):242-245. https://doi.org/10.1177/004947550303300419

Kawuma M. The clinical picture of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis in Uganda. Community Eye Health. 2001;14(40):66-67.

Bonini S, Bonini S, Lambiase A, et al. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis revisited: a case series of 195 patients with long-term follow-up. Ophthalmol. 2000;107(6):1157-1163. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0161-6420(00)00092-0

Thera J, Hughes D, Tinley C, Bamani S, Traore L, Traoré J. Magnitude of vernal kerato conjunctivitis among school children in Koulikoro. Sch J Appl Med Sci. 2016;4(1):180-182.

Ashwini K, Dhatri K, Rajeev K. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in school children in north Bangalore: an epidemiological and clinical evaluation. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2015;4(86):15070-15077.

Rajasekar K. A clinical study on aetiopathogenesis, course and presentation of vernal keratoconjunctivitis seeking tertiary eye care in Chennai. J Evid Based Med Healthc. 2018;5(31):2264-2267.

Radhika R, Pushpa Latha M. Demographic and Clinical Profile of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis in Teaching Hospital, Kurnool. Int J Intg Med Sci. 2021;8(2):976-80. https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijims.2021.106

Totan Y, Hepşen IbF, Çekiç O, Gündüz A, Aydın E. Incidence of keratoconus in subjects with vernal keratoconjunctivitis:: a videokeratographic