Author Guidelines

All submissions must have an abstract of 250-300 words. The abstract should briefly outline the research objectives as well as the methodology adopted for the research and the conclusions drawn by the scholar. Abstracts should also be accompanied with 4-8 key words or descriptive phrases.

  • The length of full paper should be between 3000 to 5000 words including complete list of references and bibliography.
  • Text should be typed on A4 sized sheets. It should be in the format of Microsoft Word document
  • The article text should be in Times New Roman 12 point; single-column format with double spacing.
  • Referencing format for the paper should be APA referencing style.
  • All the quotations in inverted commas must be cited to the source.
  • The Conclusions should outline the main article theme and summarize the research idea and concludes the author’s findings.
  • Acknowledgements should be given in a separate section at the end of the research article before references.

Note: Plagiarism report must be attached with the manuscript and JAABE strictly follows the anti-plagiarism policy of HEC. Before submitting your manuscript please read: Polices and Guidelines 

Figures and Tables

  • Figures should be inserted without using the text box.
  • Figures and tables should be numbered consecutively (e.g., Fig. 1) in accordance with text.
  • For Figures and tables captions use font Times New Roman 8 point.
  • When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.