Study of Utilizing Residual Spaces under Flyovers in Lahore, Pakistan


Hamna Ahmed
Ayesha Mehmood Malik
Saad Mujahid
Rabia Khan


Residual spaces are the leftover spaces such as the spaces under flyovers. These spaces further act as physical barriers in the city’s urban form.. The spaces under flyovers have been neglected, left underused, even in some cases, remain frightening, and unattractive. These spaces provide local communities with various opportunities. In the city of Lahore, there is a lack of public places that enhance social interaction. There are many possibilities of transforming the dead and unused spaces under flyovers into creative venues for various communal activities. This paper attempts to focus on the concept and importance of leftover spaces, while identifying and analyzing the type of social space according to the presented concept of Lefebvre.


How to Cite
Hamna Ahmed, Ayesha Mehmood Malik, Saad Mujahid, & Rabia Khan. (2020). Study of Utilizing Residual Spaces under Flyovers in Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment (JAABE), 3(1), 84-98.


Biesecker, C. (2015). Designing urban underhighway spaces. The University Of Georgia.
Campbell, C. C. (2013). Visualizing residual spaces in new light: A study for creating & designing an urban public space under a downtown San José Freeway. San José State University.
Chandana, G. (2017). Flyover: An urban void.
Domínguez, G. (2014, December 14). Pakistan's urbanization: A challenge of great proportions. DW: Made for minds.
Hoh, D. (2016). Turning dead spaces. Centre for Liveable Cities.
Kent, F. (2005). Streets are people places. Project of Public Spaces.
Kushwa, N., & Rathi, K. (2017). Urban voids - reclaiming urban space. International Journal of Advanced Research, Idead and Innovation in Technology, 3(1), 196–203.
Lefebvre, H. (1974). The production of space. Blackwell publisher.
Mydin, M. A. O., & Utaberta, N. (2015). Improvise overpasses: Study on utilizing spaces below flyover. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 10(17), 37851–37856.