Planning For Sustainability: Transportation and Land Use in Ilorin, Nigeria


Raphael Abiodun Olawepo
Yusuf Alapata Ahmed
Ayodeji Asaju


The increase in the growth of cities and the numbers of people moving to cities in the last two decades have led to sharp increase in transportation demand and development of slums and urban sprawl. Cities like Lagos, Ibadan, Kano, Port-Harcourt and Ilorin and other areas in Nigeria are experiencing many pressure on land use such as;, free-space, transportation facilities and a host of urban related problems which urgently deserve planners’ attention. Ilorin is one of the fastest growing cities in Nigeria. The problems of transportation and land use in Ilorin can be summarized into the following: long queue of people daily at ‘bus stops’, the problem of old narrow streets in most of the unplanned areas of the city and the emerging incursion of transport infrastructural facilities into the residential areas. To address these and other urban land-use problems world-wide, various governments have put in place different urban renewal programmes, but in the case of Nigeria little impacts on the city transportation and land-use systems had taken place. This research used exploratory method to justify the essence of planning in transportation system and on land-use in order to enhance and maintain sustainable development. The paper also suggests some measures like; expansion of existing narrow roads and provision of necessary infrastructural facilities, inter modality light rail/tram, creation of modern parks at specified locations as well as enlargement of public and private partnerships-involving the Government, transport associations, financial institutions, the available universities and some other professional bodies to serve as panacea to problems highlighted.


How to Cite
Olawepo, R. A., Ahmed, Y. A., & Asaju, A. (2020). Planning For Sustainability: Transportation and Land Use in Ilorin, Nigeria. Journal of Art, Architecture and Built Environment, 3(2), 18-30.


Adeniji, K. (1993).Transport subsidies in Nigeria.NISER Ibadan.
Aderamo, J.A. (1990). Road development and urban expansion: The case of Ilorin [Doctoralthesis]. Department of Geography, University of Ilorin.
Ahmed, Y. A. (2005). Physical problems of urban planning: Acase of Ilorin, Nigeria. Ilorin Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 10(1&2),202–214.
Ahmed, Y.A. (1996). Problems of physical planning in Ilorin City Nigeria[Masterthesis]. Department of Geography University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Ahmed, Y.A. (2013). Urban traffic dilemma and potential remedy: Example from Ilorin City, Nigeria. African Research Review-An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 7(1), 216–270.
Ahmed, Y. A. (2015). Menace of illegal motor parks in Nigerian urban environment: Example from Ilorin city. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 8(2), 37–46.
Auclair, C. (1999). Measures of travel time in cities: Urbanage spring 1999. World Bank.
Banjo, G.A. (1984). Towards a new framework for transport planning in third world cities [Paper presentation]. Proceedings of “Invited Papers” at 13th Meeting of Australian Road Research Board.
Black, A. (1995). Urban mass transportation planning. McGraw-Hill.
Chapin, T. S. (2012). From growth controls, to comprehensive planning, to smart growth: Planning’s emerging fourth wave. Journal of the American Planning Association, 78(1), 5–15.
Gorkem, G.,& Huseyin, C.(2016). Relation between land use and transportation planning in the scope of smart growth strategies: Case study of Denizli, Turkey.In M. Ergen (Ed.), Sustainable Urbanization.
Gulhan,G., Ceylan, H., Baskan, O., & Ceylan, H. (2014). Using potential accessibility measure for urban public transportation planning: A case study of Denizli, Turkey. Promet-Traffic Transportation, 26(2), 129–137.
National Population Commission (NPC). (2006). Population and housing census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, National and State Population and Housing Tables.
Ogunsanya, A.A. (1985). Assessing the effect of link improvement on urban network flow in developing countries: An approach. Nigerian Geographical Journal, 28(1), 20–28.
Ogunsanya, A.A. (2002). Maker and breaker of cities [Speech]. 59thInaugural Lecture University of Ilorin, Library and Publication Committee.
Olawepo, R. A. (2010). Perspectives on urban renewal and transportation development in Lagos: Implications for urban development in Nigeria. African Research Review, 4(1), 273–287.
Wey, W. M.,& Hsu, J. (2014). New urbanism and smart growth:Toward achieving smart National Taipei University District. Habitat International, 42,164–174.