Estimation of CD4 Count and HIV Viral Load among HIV/AIDS Patients: An Analysis of Antiretroviral Therapy in Punjab Pakistan

  • Huma Shafique Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Samavia siddique Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hasnain Javed Punjab AIDS Control Program, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: art drugs (antiretroviral drugs), HIV, CD4 count, viral load


HIV/AIDS is a global health problem of the world. HIV type 1 mostly cause HIV infection in Asia and Europe and is also predominant in underdeveloped countries like Pakistan. HIV type 1, increases morbidity and mortality due to progressive damage of CD4 T cell.  Approximately, 2 million people were infected with HIV type 1 infection through sexual activities globally. Hence, the life expectancy of people living with HIV was increased by using combined antiretroviral therapy (CRT). In HIV prognosis, CD4 count is a very crucial marker of prognosis of HIV/AIDS. In the current research, we analyzed CD4 count of 118 HIV/ AIDS patients, who were taking antiretroviral treatment to evaluate their immune system. HIV viral load testing was done on the same number of patients through HIV quantitative PCR to evaluate the viral load. Statistical analysis was also done to check the percentage of viral load and association of CD4 count with the viral count. According to the results, there were a greater percentage of males (55.5%) than females (44.4%) who developed AIDS which is most devastating form of HIV infection. High viral load (>100000 copies/ml) was also observed higher in males (65.5%) than females (31.4%).


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How to Cite
Shafique H, siddique S, Javed H. Estimation of CD4 Count and HIV Viral Load among HIV/AIDS Patients: An Analysis of Antiretroviral Therapy in Punjab Pakistan. Sci Inquiry Rev. [Internet]. 2022Jun.18 [cited 2022Dec.5];6(2):76-8. Available from: