Water is a fundamental requirement for all living beings and it is considered as the most diverse solvent. It has a unique polarity and a distinctive set of properties due to hydrogen bonding. Water, being a universal solvent, can easily be polluted by absorption, adsorption and suspension of a lot of materials into it. Major sources of water contamination include the disposal of untreated garbage, milling, industrialization, and urbanization. Water is easily polluted by substantial metals including Lead (Pb), Arsenic (As), Copper (Cu), and Chromium (Cr). Water contamination can lead to serious illnesses and sometimes it is so hazardous that it can cause the death of a living organism.
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