Investigating Hybridity in “AMERICANAH” by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Mixing of cultures is common in the contemporary world and this phenomenon causes cultural, racial, and linguistic hybridity. Hybridity affects human beings. Migrants confront abusive behavior due to cultural hybridity. Hence, the concept of cultural hybridity is explored in this article. This study analyzes the novel "Americanah" by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, through the lens of the ‘Theory of Hybridity’ presented by Homi. K. Bhabha. The analyzed novel is about an Afro-American, Ifemelu, who feels hesitant to adopt both cultures. The current study displays Ifemelu’s dilemma of choosing between her friends or lover in America. It is a descriptive and text-based study and makes an attempt to answer how cultural hybridity affects the protagonist’s life. The conclusion sums up that Ifemelu’s character suffers from identity crisis and marginalization due to cultural hybridity. The study verifies the negative effects of cultural hybridity that are the core assertion of the theory of Bhabha.
Keywords: Hybridity, mimicry, third world, Post-colonial, ambivalence, Identity crisis, Homi Bhaba
Adichie, C. N. (2015). Half of a yellow sun. New York.
Adichie, C.N. (2013). Americanah. Alfred A. Knopf.
Akingbe, N., & Adeniyi, E. (2017). Reconfiguring others: Negotiating identity in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Americanah. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 9(4), 37-55. https://dx.doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v9n4.05 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v9n4.05
Akpome, A. (2017). Cultural criticism and feminist literary activism in the works of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. Gender & Behaviour, 15(4), 9847-9871.
Albert, S. A. (2017, 4 16). Race and gender in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah. The Journal for English Language and Literary Studies, 7(2), 16-21.
Arndt, S. (2002). The dynamics of African feminism: Defining and classifying African-feminist literatures. Africa World Press.
Ashcroft, Griffiths G., & Tiffin, H. (Eds.). (1997). The Post-colonial studies reader. Routledge Print.
Azodo, A. U. (2008). ada azodo talk “creative writing and literary activism” with Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. Journal of the African Literature Association, 2(1), 146-151. https://doi.org/10.1080/21674736.2007.11690069 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21674736.2007.11690069
Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge.
Bhabha, H. K. (1997). Of mimicry and men. In H. K. Bhabha (Ed.), The location of culture (2nd ed., pp. 85-92). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203820551 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203820551
Bica, P. (2021). The struggle to pretend and belong: Americanah’s case. Repositoriocyt UMLAM. http://repositoriocyt.unlam.edu.ar/handle/123456789/710 DOI: https://doi.org/10.54789/rihumso.184.108.40.206
Cavalcanti, E. (2019, December 16). Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: Reframing the discourse on race, gender and identity. University of Southern California. https://annenberg.usc.edu/news/critical-conversations/chimamanda-ngozi-adichie-reframing-discourse-race-gender-and-identity
Dhobi, S. (2013). Bhabha’s concept of hybridity in chimamanda ngozi adichie’s half of a yellow sun: A postcolonial critique [Doctoral dissertation, Central Department of English]. Tribhuvan University Central Library. https://elibrary.tucl.edu.np/handle/123456789/3016
Gnanaselvi, N., & Yasmin, S. T. (2019). Themes and techniques in chimamanda ngozi adichie's purple hibiscus. Literary Endeavour, 53-55.
Huddart, D. (2006). Homi K. Bhabha. Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203390924
Kamal, S. (2014, March 4). Q&A: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie tackles race from African perspective in “Americanah”. ARTSATL. https://www.artsatl.org/qa-chimamandangozi-adichieamericanah/#:~:text=Americanah%20is%20a%20word%20in,not%20becaus%20he%20is%20stupid
Kangira, J. (2015). African Hybrids: Exploring Afropolitan identity formation in Taiye Selasi’s Ghana must go and Chimamanda Adichie’s Americanah. Journal for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1-2), 42-50.
Khan, S. U., Afzaal, M., & Naqvi, S. B. (2019). Construction of diasporic female identities in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Americanah. International Review of Literary Studies, 1(1), 12-24. https://doi.org/10.53057/irls/2019.1.1.2
Kozieł, P. (2015). Narrative strategy in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's novel “Americanah”: the manifestation of migrant identity. Studies in African Languages and Cultures, (49), 97-114.
Lodhi, M. A., Ibrar, S. N., Shamim, M., & Naz, S. (2018). Linguistic analysis of selected TV cartoons and its impact on language learning. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(5), 247-258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v8n5p247
McMann, M. (2017). “You’re black”: Transnational perceptions of race. Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction, 59(2), 200-212. https://doi.org/10.1080/00111619.2017.1369387 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00111619.2017.1369387
Meredith, P. (1998, July 7-July 9). Hybridity in the third space: Rethinking bi-cultural politics in Aotearoa/New Zealand [Paper Presentation]. Te Oru Rangahau Maori Research and Development Conference 7-9 July 1998 Massey University. New Zealand
Nwanyanwu, A. U. (2017). Transculturalism, otherness, exile, and identity in chimamanda ngozi adichie’s americanah. Matatu, 49(2), 386-399. https://doi.org/10.1163/18757421-04902008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/18757421-04902008
Nwosu, C. (1700). Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: A reformist-feminist by Charles Nwosu. Politics and Society, 1800(1900s), 2000s.
Ohagwu, C. C., Eze, C. U., Eze, J. C., Odo, M. C., Abu, P. O., & Ohagwu, C. I. (2014). Perception of male gender preference among pregnant Igbo women. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 4(2), 173-178. https://doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.129027 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.129027
Rooks, N. M. (1996). Hair raising: Beauty, culture, and African American women. Rutgers University Press.
Schorch, P. (2013). Contact zones, third spaces, and the act of interpretation. Museum & Society, (1), 68-81.
Thielmann, P. (2005). The dynamics of African feminism: Defining and classifying African feminist literatures. Research in African Literatures, 36(2), 156-157. https://doi.org/10.1353/ral.2005.0135 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/ral.2005.0135
Tlamková, S. (2016). Portrayal of female family members in selected works by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie [Diploma thesis]. Charles University Digital Repository. https://dspace.cuni.cz/handle/20.500.11956/75568
Tunca, D. (2011). Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (1977-). Dictionary of African Biography, 1, 94-95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780195301731.013.48150
Tunca, D. (2018). Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie as Chinua Achebe's (Unruly) Literary Daughter: The past, present, and future of" Adichebean" criticism. Research in African Literatures, 49(4), 107-126. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2979/reseafrilite.49.4.08
Yerima, D. (2017). Regimentation or hybridity? Western beauty practices by Black Women in Adichie’s Americanah. Journal of Black Studies, 48(7), 639-650. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021934717712711 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0021934717712711
Zote, J. R. (2020). Hair in Exile: Manifestations of displacement, difference, and belongingness through hair in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Americanah. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 12(6), 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v12n6.26
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.