Assessment of the Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic on Educational System in Nigeria: Implication for Stakeholders


Yusuf Suleiman
Mustapha Adam Ishola


The spread of coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) is a trending issue that has become a global threat to the development of all countries in the world. The disease has affected all sectors of the economy, including sports, education, etcetera. This study examined the impactof the Corona Virus on the educational system in Nigeria and its implication for stakeholders. The spread of the pandemic was analyzed using the reports emanated from reliable sources. The pandemic's effects include the closure of schools at all levels, delay in completion of an academic degree, risky decision making, rise in public and private partnership, online teaching, and students' learning outcomes. The implication for stakeholders includes the government's need to provide an up-to-date report on the pandemic's spread to protect institutions' inhabitants. School authorities should provide teaching through online platforms (Zoom, Skype, Whatsapp, Googlemate, Email, etcetera). There should be synergy between school management and parents to ensure that students receive the teaching provided online. Also, parents should assist their children by providing them the necessary gadgets needed for learning online. Moreover, the students should be taught precautionary measures that will enable them to stay safe for the post-coronavirus era.     



Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., &Mutakinati, L. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 to Indonesian education and its relation to the philosophy of "merdekabelajar". Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38–49.
Ahmed, H., Allaf, M., &Elghazaly, H. (2020). COVID-19 and medical education. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(7), 777–778.
Azar, Z. (2020). Impact of the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic on education.
Bhatti. M. W. (2020, July 22). Is Pakistan heading towards Covid-19' herd immunity'?The NEWS Daily.
Chen, H., Xu, W., Paris, C., Reeson, A., & Li, X. (2020). Social distance and SARS memory: impact on the public awareness of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. medRxiv - The Preprint Server for Health Sciences.
COVID-19: Federal government orders closure of unity schools.(2020, March 19). The Guardian.
Doshi, P. (2020). Covid-19: Do many people have pre-existing immunity? BMJ, 370, m3563.
Ejiohou, T. (2020). COVID-19 amidst shutdown of schools.
Evans, O. (2020). Socio-economic impacts of novel Coronavirus: The policy solutions. BizEcons Quarterly, 7, 3–12.
Fetzer, T., Hensel, L., Hermle, J., & Roth, C. (2020, March 21). Coronavirus perceptions and economic anxiety. VOX EU.
First COVID-19 case happened in November, China records show. (2020). The Guardian.
Fontanet, A., &Cauchemez, S. (2020). COVID-19 herd immunity: Where are we? Nature Reviews Immunology, 20(10), 583–584.
Gloria, T. (2020). The path forward amid COVID-19. TD Magazine.
Gloria, T.,& Diana, E. (2020). 3 ways the coronavirus pandemic could reshape education. World Economic Forum.
Goldstein, E., Lipsitch, M. &Cevik, M. (2020). On the effect of age on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in households, schools and the community. medRxiv - The Preprint Server for Health Sciences.
Guan, W.-J., Ni, Z.-Y., Hu, Y., Liang, W.-H., Ou, C.-Q., He, J.-X., Liu, L., Shan, H., Lei, C.-L., Hui, D. S. C., Du, B., Li, L.-J., Zeng, G., Yuen, K.-Y., Chen, R.-C., Tang, C.-L., Wang, T., Chen, P.-Y., Xiang, J., Li, S.-Y., … Zhong, N.-S.(2020). Clinical characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 382, 1708–1720.
Jandrić, P. (2020). Postdigital research in the time of COVID-19 (2020). Postdigital Scienceand Education, 2, 233–238.
Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., Barman, B., Das, P., Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105194.
Kidman, G., & Chang, C. H. (2020). What does "crisis" education look like?International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 29(4), 279–282.
Mahmut, Ö. Z. E. R. (2020). Educational policy actions by the ministry of national education in the times of COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. KastamonuEğitimDergisi, 28(3), 1124–1129.
Mandavilli, A. (2020, June 18).You may have antibodies after coronavirus infection: But not for long. New York Times.
Miller, M. A., Viboud, C., Balinska, M.,&Simonsen, S. (2009). The signature features of influenza pandemics - implications for policy. New England Journal of Medicine, 360, 2595–2598.
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. (2020). Situation report on Coronavirus.
Ninkong, N. (2020). COVID-19: Government order closure of all school.
Oranburg, S. (2020). Distance education in the time of coronavirus: Quick and easy strategies for professors (Duquesne University School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-02). Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University-School of Law.
Paintsil, E. (2020). COVID-19 threatens health systems in sub-Saharan Africa: The eye of the crocodile. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 6(1),30–48.
Peiris, M., & Leung, G. M. (2020). What can we expect from first-generation COVID-19 vaccines? The Lancet. Advance online publication.
Phelps, C., & Sperry, L. L. (2020). Children and the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), S73.
Rangiwai, B., &Simati-Kumar, B. (2020). A plan for online teaching and learning for the Master of Applied Indigenous Knowledge (MAIK) programme in Māngere: Responding to COVID-19. TeKaharoa: The e Journal on Indigenous Pacific Issues,15(1), 1–14.
Rubin, R. (2020). Difficult to determine herd immunity threshold for COVID-19. Journal of American Medical Association, 324(8), 732–732.
Schwartz, A. M., Wilson, J. M., Boden, S. D., Moore,T. J.Jr, Bradbury,T. L.Jr,& Fletcher, N. D. (2020). Managing resident workforce and education during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evolving strategies and lessons learned. JBJS Open Access, 5(2), e0045.
Shah, A., Kashyap, R., Tosh, P., Sampathkumar, P., &O'Horo, J. C. (2020). Guide to understanding the 2019 novel coronavirus. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 95(4), 646–652.
Toquero, C. M. (2020). Challenges and opportunities for higher education amid the COVID-19 pandemic: The Philippine context. Pedagogical Research, 5(4), 1–5.
UNESCO. (2020). COVID 19 educational distribution and response.
University of Lagos. (2020). Update on COVID-19 in Nigeria.
van Doremalen, N., Lambe, T., Spencer, A., Belij-Rammerstorfer, S., Purushotham, J. N., Port, J. R., Ulaszewska, M., Feldmann, F., Allen, E. R., Sharpe, H., Schulz, J., Holbrook, M., Okumura, A., Meade-White, K., Pérez-Pérez, L., Bissett, C., Gilbride, C., Williamson, B. N., Rosenke, R., Long, D., … Munster, V. J. (2020). ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination prevents SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in rhesus macaques. bioRxiv. Advanced online publication.
Viner, R. M., Russell, S. J., Croker, H., Packer, J., Ward, J., Stansfield, C.,Mytton, O., Bonell, C., &Booy, R. (2020). School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: Arapid systematic review. The Lancet - Child & Adolescent Health, 4(5), 397–404.
Walke, H. T., Honein, M. A., &Redfield, R. R. (2020). Preventing and responding to COVID-19 on college campuses. JAMA, 324(17), 1727–1728.
WebMD Health News (2020). Symptoms of coronavirus disease.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation report 75.